|Trade names||Apatef, Cefotan, others|
|Main uses||Bacterial infections|
|Side effects||Liver problems, allergic reactions, pain at the site of injection, low platelets|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||575.60 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Cefotetan, sold under the brand name Cefotan among others, is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. This includes joint infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, intra abdominal infections, pneumonia, and skin infections. It may also be used to prevent infection in people undergoing surgery. It is given by injection into a vein or muscle.
Common side effects include liver problems, allergic reactions, pain at the site of injection, and low platelets. Other side effects may include Clostridioides difficile infection and red blood cell breakdown. Safety in pregnancy is unclear. It is of the cephamycin and β-lactam class. It may be grouped with second-generation cephalosporins.
Spectrum of activity
Cefotetan has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat bacterial infections of the bone, skin, urinary tract, and lower respiratory tract. Notable species include Bacteroides, Streptococcus, and Escherichia. The following represents MIC susceptibility data for a few medically significant bacteria.
- Escherichia coli: 0.06 µg/mL
- Bacteroides fragilis: ≤0.06 µg/mL - 512 µg/mL
- Clostridium perfringens: 1 µg/mL - 4 µg/mL
The chemical structure of cefotetan, like that of several other cephalosporins, contains an N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT or 1-MTT) side chain. As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase.
It was developed by Yamanouchi.
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- "Cefotetan Prices, Coupons & Patient Assistance Programs". Drugs.com. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
- "Cefotetan Susceptibility and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) Data" (PDF). Toku-e. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-08-02. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
- Stork CM (2006). "Antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals". In Nelson LH, Flomenbaum N, Goldfrank LR, Hoffman RL, Howland MD, Lewin NA (eds.). Goldfrank's toxicologic emergencies. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 847. ISBN 0-07-143763-0. Archived from the original on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- Cefotetan entry in RxList