|Trade names||Vantin, others|
|Other names||Cephpodoxime, cefpodoxime proxetil|
|Drug class||Antibiotic (3rd generation cephalosporin)|
|Main uses||Middle ear infections, strep throat, sinusitis, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea|
|Side effects||Diarrhea, nausea, vaginal yeast infections, abdominal pain, headache|
|Protein binding||21% to 29%|
|Metabolism||Negligible. Cefpodoxime proxetil is metabolized to cefpodoxime by the liver|
|Elimination half-life||2 hours|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||427.45 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Cefpodoxime, sold under the brand name Vantin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat middle ear infections, strep throat, sinusitis, urinary tract infections, and gonorrhea. It is taken by mouth.
Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, vaginal yeast infections, abdominal pain, and headache. Other side effects may include allergic reactions and Clostridioides difficile infection. While there is no evidence of harm with use in pregnancy, such use has not been well studied. It is a third-generation cephalosporin and works by interfering with the bacterial cell wall.
Spectrum of activity
Cefpodoxime has been used to fight pathogenic bacteria responsible for causing gonorrhoea, tonsillitis, pneumonia, and bronchitis. Representative pathogenic genera include Streptococcus, Haemophilus, and Neisseria. The following represents MIC susceptibility data for a few medically significant microorganisms.
- Haemophilus influenzae: ≤0.03 - 1 μg/ml
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae: 0.004 - 0.06 μg/ml
- Streptococcus pyogenes: ≤0.004 - 2 μg/ml
Mechanism of action
Cefpodoxime inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibiting the final transpeptidation step of peptidoglycan synthesis in cell walls. It has well established pharmacokinetic profile with absorption of 50%.
Society and culture
Toraxim (by Delta Pharma Ltd. Bangladesh)
Trucef (by Renata Limited, Bangladesh)
Tricef (by Alkaloid Skopje, North Macedonia)
MAPDOX-CV: Cefpodoxime and Clavulanic acid combination
MONOTAX O (Cefpodoxime)/ MONOTAX CV (Cefpodoxime and Clavulanic acid combination) (by Zydus Healthcare Ltd.)
POSTPOD-50 (Cefpodoxime 50mg/5ml) (by Laafon Galaxy Pharmaceuticals)
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