Ramoplanin

From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ramoplanin
Ramoplanin A2.svg
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard100.161.388 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC119H154ClN21O40
Molar mass2554.10 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • C[C@@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)O[C@@H]([C@@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1)CC(C)C)c2ccc(cc2)O)[C@@H](C)O)c3ccc(cc3)O[C@@H]4[C@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O4)CO)O)O)O[C@@H]5[C@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O5)CO)O)O)O)CCCN)Cc6ccccc6)[C@H](C)O)c7ccc(cc7)O)c8ccc(cc8)O)[C@@H](C)O)CCCN)c9ccc(cc9)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)N)NC(=O)/C=C\C=C\CC(C)C)C(=O)N)c1ccc(c(c1)Cl)O
  • InChI=1S/C119H154ClN21O40/c1-54(2)17-11-9-14-22-82(153)127-77(50-81(123)152)107(166)141-93-99(101(124)160)180-117(176)92(66-33-44-78(151)72(120)49-66)140-102(161)56(5)126-105(164)75(47-55(3)4)128-83(154)51-125-108(167)87(61-23-34-67(147)35-24-61)136-111(170)86(59(8)146)134-113(172)89(65-31-42-71(43-32-65)177-119-100(97(158)95(156)80(53-143)179-119)181-118-98(159)96(157)94(155)79(52-142)178-118)135-104(163)73(20-15-45-121)129-106(165)76(48-60-18-12-10-13-19-60)131-109(168)84(57(6)144)133-114(173)90(63-27-38-69(149)39-28-63)138-115(174)91(64-29-40-70(150)41-30-64)137-110(169)85(58(7)145)132-103(162)74(21-16-46-122)130-112(171)88(139-116(93)175)62-25-36-68(148)37-26-62/h9-14,18-19,22-44,49,54-59,73-77,79-80,84-100,118-119,142-151,155-159H,15-17,20-21,45-48,50-53,121-122H2,1-8H3,(H2,123,152)(H2,124,160)(H,125,167)(H,126,164)(H,127,153)(H,128,154)(H,129,165)(H,130,171)(H,131,168)(H,132,162)(H,133,173)(H,134,172)(H,135,163)(H,136,170)(H,137,169)(H,138,174)(H,139,175)(H,140,161)(H,141,166)/b11-9+,22-14-/t56-,57+,58-,59-,73-,74-,75+,76+,77+,79-,80-,84+,85-,86-,87+,88-,89+,90-,91+,92+,93+,94-,95-,96+,97+,98+,99+,100+,118-,119+/m1/s1 ☒N
  • Key:KGZHFKDNSAEOJX-WIFQYKSHSA-N ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Ramoplanin (INN) is a glycolipodepsipeptide antibiotic drug derived from strain ATCC 33076 of Actinoplanes.[1]

Mechanism

It exerts its bacteriocidal effect by inhibiting cell wall biosynthesis, acting by inhibiting the transglycosylation step of peptidoglycan synthesis.[2]

Uses

Its development has been fast-tracked by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for multiple antibiotic-resistant Clostridium difficile infection of the gastrointestinal tract,[3] Unlike vancomycin, it is absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, although it is unstable in the bloodstream, so can be taken only orally against Clostridium difficile infections of the gastrointestinal tract.[4][5][6]

References

  1. ^ Farver DK, Hedge DD, Lee SC (May 2005). "Ramoplanin: a lipoglycodepsipeptide antibiotic". The Annals of Pharmacotherapy. 39 (5): 863–8. doi:10.1345/aph.1E397. PMID 15784805. S2CID 6026698.
  2. ^ Fang X, Tiyanont K, Zhang Y, Wanner J, Boger D, Walker S (January 2006). "The mechanism of action of ramoplanin and enduracidin". Molecular BioSystems. 2 (1): 69–76. doi:10.1039/b515328j. PMID 16880924.
  3. ^ Fulco P, Wenzel RP (December 2006). "Ramoplanin: a topical lipoglycodepsipeptide antibacterial agent". Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy. 4 (6): 939–45. doi:10.1586/14787210.4.6.939. PMID 17181409. S2CID 12881565.
  4. ^ Scheinfeld N (January 2007). "A comparison of available and investigational antibiotics for complicated skin infections and treatment-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus". Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. 6 (1): 97–103. PMID 17373167.
  5. ^ Balagopal A, Sears CL (October 2007). "Clostridium difficile: new therapeutic options". Current Opinion in Pharmacology. 7 (5): 455–8. doi:10.1016/j.coph.2007.05.007. PMID 17644040.
  6. ^ Gerding DN, Muto CA, Owens RC (January 2008). "Treatment of Clostridium difficile infection". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 46 Suppl 1: S32-42. doi:10.1086/521860. PMID 18177219.