Osteogenic tumors

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Osteogenic tumor
Other names: Bone forming tumors
SpecialtyOrthopedics
TypesNoncancerous (benign), cancerous (malignant) or intermediate locally aggressive[1]
Diagnostic methodMedical imaging[1]

Osteogenic tumors, also known as bone forming tumors,[2] are a type of bone tumor that can be non-cancerous (osteoma and osteoid osteoma), intermediate or locally aggressive (osteoblastoma), or cancerous (osteosarcoma).[1] There are ten subtypes and they are easier to distinguish than chondrogenic tumors.[1][2]

Diagnosis requires MRI.[1]

Type Name Sub-type Image
Non-cancerous Osteoma OsteomaMark.png
Osteoid osteoma Osteoid-osteoma-of-the-talus-1.jpg
Locally aggressive Osteoblastoma NOS Osteoblastoma-cervical-spine.jpg
Cancerous Low-grade central osteosarcoma
Osteosarcoma NOS Conventional osteosarcoma
Telangiectatic osteosarcoma
Small cell osteosarcoma
Periosteal osteosarcoma
Periosteal osteosarcoma
High-grade surface osteosarcoma
Secondary osteosarcoma

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Ahlawat, Shivani; Fayad, Laura M. (10 August 2020). "Revisiting the WHO classification system of bone tumours: emphasis on advanced magnetic resonance imaging sequences. Part 2". Polish Journal of Radiology. 85: e409–e419. doi:10.5114/pjr.2020.98686. ISSN 1733-134X. PMID 32999694.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tran, Vanessa; Slavin, John (2020). "6. Bone tumour pathology". In Choong, Peter F. M. (ed.). Sarcoma: A Practical Guide to Multidisciplinary Management. Springer. pp. 69–92. ISBN 978-981-15-9413-7.