Chondroma

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Chondroma
Lantern slide; Multiple chondromata of fingers. Wellcome L0028445.jpg
Multiple chondromata of fingers

A chondroma is a noncancerous cartilaginous tumor.[1]

Classification

Based upon location, a chondroma can be described as an enchondroma or ecchondroma.[citation needed]

  • enchondroma - tumor grows within the bone and expands it
  • ecchondroma - grows outward from the bone (rare)

Signs and symptoms

They can be single or multiple (Ollie's disease), and have a tendency to occur in fingers and toes where the bones are like tubes.[1][2]

Mechanism

Tumor cells (chondrocytes, cartilaginous cells) resemble normal cells and produce the cartilaginous matrix (amorphous, basophilic material).

Diagnosis

A well-defined area of bone loss in the medulla of the bone is seen on x-ray.[1]

Treatment

Treatment involves surgical removal of the tumor and bone grafted bone grafting.[1]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Bone tumours. What are Bone Tumours?". patient.info. Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. Lakshmanan, Palaniappan (11 July 2019). "Chondroma: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". Medscape. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.

External links

Classification