|Other names: Not recommended: Ossifying fibroma, Kempson-Campanacci lesion.|
|Osteofibrous dysplasia of tibia (lower leg)|
Signs and symptoms
Osteofibrous dysplasia most often presents as a localized firm painless swelling of the large long bone of the lower leg in young children. The leg may appear bent and it is possible that a break in the bone can occur.
The cause is unknown. Rarely, cases arise in a family.
Osteofibrous dysplasia may also be mistaken for fibrous dysplasia of bone, although osteofibrous dysplasia is more likely to show an immunohistochemical reaction to osteonectin, neurofibromin 1, and S-100 protein.
Generally no treatment is required. Observation is usually recommended and surgery performed if there is a significant bone deformity, severe symptoms, a potential break or a break in the affected bone, or if a definitive diagnosis is required.
Osteofibrous dysplasia may enlarge in children under 10 years and then become smaller or resolve after puberty. That this non-cancerous tumor might progress to adamantinoma is debated. Case studies suggesting a progression generally lack long term follow-up and have sampling issues.
It is rare, particularly over the age of 15 years. The frequency of occurrence is not known precisely. The tibia accounts for around 90% of cases. The long bones of the arm are unlikely to be affected. Boys and girls appear affected equally.
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