Cardiac asthma

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Cardiac asthma
Purposediagnosis of congestive heart failure

Cardiac asthma is a medical diagnosis of wheezing, coughing, dyspnea, bloody sputum, or shortness of breath due to congestive heart failure.[1]

It is known as cardiac asthma because the symptoms mimic ordinary asthma (bronchial asthma). One study found that patients with cardiac asthma represented one third of congestive heart failure in elderly patients.[2]

Depending on the severity, it may be classified as a medical emergency, as it can be a symptom of acute heart failure leading to the buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) as well as within and around the airways.[citation needed]

The distinction between bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma is especially important because some treatments for bronchial asthma, including inhalers, may worsen cardiac asthma or cause severe heart arrhythmias.[3]

Bronchial asthma, in contrast, is caused by the inflammation and narrowing of pulmonary airways, causing characteristic breathing difficulties. Bronchial asthma has nothing to do with fluid in the lungs or heart disease or even the heart failure associated with cardiac asthma.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Georgia, Mark H. J. Litzinger, BSc, BSc Pharm, RPh Clinical Instructor of Pharmacy Practice School of Pharmacy Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine-Georgia Suwanee, Georgia Julia K. N. Aluyen, PharmD Ramon Cereceres, Jr, PharmD Ashley N. Feik, PharmD Candidate Katherine E. Iltis, PharmD Criselle R. Perez, PharmD University of the Incarnate Word Feik School of Pharmacy San Antonio, Texas Katelyn E. Horne, PharmD Candidate Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy Loma Linda, California Monica Litzinger BSc, BSc Pharm, RPh Outpatient Pharmacist Suwanee. "Cardiac Asthma: Not Your Typical Asthma". www.uspharmacist.com. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
  2. ^ Jorge S, Becquemin MH, Delerme S, Bennaceur M, Isnard R, Achkar R, et al. (2007). "Cardiac asthma in elderly patients: incidence, clinical presentation and outcome". BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 7: 16. doi:10.1186/1471-2261-7-16. PMC 1878501. PMID 17498318.
  3. ^ Tanabe, T; Rozycki, H; Kanoh, S; Rubin, B (December 2012). "Cardiac asthma: new insights into an old disease". Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine. 6 (6): 705–14. doi:10.1586/ers.12.67. PMID 23234454. S2CID 207223314. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Asthma". The Lecturio Medical Concept Library. 25 November 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2021.

External links

Classification