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SpecialtyDermatology, infectious diseases

Sealpox virus
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Varidnaviria
Kingdom: Bamfordvirae
Phylum: Nucleocytoviricota
Class: Pokkesviricetes
Order: Chitovirales
Family: Poxviridae
Genus: Parapoxvirus
Sealpox virus

Sealpox is a Parapoxvirus infection.[1]

First identified in 1969,[2] it wasn't unequivocally proven to be transmissible to humans until 2005,[3] though such transmission had been reported at least as early as 1987.[4] It causes lesions that closely resemble those caused by orf.[3] As many as 2% of seals in marine mammal rehabilitation facilities in North America may have it.[5]

See also


  1. James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "19. Viral diseases". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6. Archived from the original on 2022-06-09. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  2. Dunn, J. Lawrence; Spotte, Stephen (1974). "Some Clinical Aspects of Seal Pox in Captive Atlantic Harbor Seals". The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine. 5 (4): 27–30. doi:10.2307/20094269. JSTOR 20094269.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Clark C, McIntyre PG, Evans A, McInnes CJ, Lewis-Jones S (April 2005). "Human sealpox resulting from a seal bite: confirmation that sealpox virus is zoonotic". Br. J. Dermatol. 152 (4): 791–3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06451.x. PMID 15840117. S2CID 38466772.
  4. Hastings, Barkley E.; Lowenstine, Linda J.; Gage, Laurie J.; Munn, Robert J. (September 1989). "An Epizootic of Seal Pox in Pinnipeds at a Rehabilitation Center". Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 20 (3): 282–290. JSTOR 20094962. Abstract: An epizootic of cutaneous nodules occurred in three species of pinnipeds at the California Marine Mammal Center during the summer of 1986.
  5. Roess AA, Levine RS, Barth L, Monroe BP, Carroll DS, Damon IK, Reynolds MG (December 2011). "Sealpox virus in marine mammal rehabilitation facilities, North America, 2007-2009". Emerging Infect. Dis. 17 (12): 2203–8. doi:10.3201/eid1712.101945. PMC 3311194. PMID 22172454.

External links