Bovine papular stomatitis

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Bovine papular stomatitis
Bovine papular stomatitis.png
Bovine papular stomatitis in other animals
SpecialtyInfectious diseases
SymptomsOne or more skin lesions typically on the hands or forearm[1]
CausesBovine papular stomatitis virus[1]
Risk factorsMilkers, farmers, veterinarians[1]
Differential diagnosisFoot-and-mouth disease.[2]

Bovine papular stomatitis virus
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Varidnaviria
Kingdom: Bamfordvirae
Phylum: Nucleocytoviricota
Class: Pokkesviricetes
Order: Chitovirales
Family: Poxviridae
Genus: Parapoxvirus
Bovine papular stomatitis virus
  • Bovine papular dermatitis virus
  • Bovine pustular stomatitis virus
  • Stomatitis papulosa virus

Bovine papular stomatitis is a farmyard pox caused by Bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV), which can spread from infected cattle to cause disease in milkers, farmers and veterinarians.[1] Generally there is usually one or a few skin lesions typically on the hands or forearm.[1] The disease is generally mild.[2]

BPSV is a member of the family Poxviridae and the genus Parapoxvirus. Spread typically occurs by direct contact with the infected animal, but has been reported in people without direct contact.[1]

It may appear similar to foot-and-mouth disease.[2]

It occurs worldwide in cattle.[1]

In other animals the lesions are reddish, raised, sometimes ulcerative lesions on the lips, muzzle, and in the mouth. It usually occurs before the age of two years.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "19. Viral diseases". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6. Archived from the original on 2022-05-11. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Carter, G.R.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Poxviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Archived from the original on 2005-06-26. Retrieved 2006-06-13.
  3. "ICTV Taxonomy history: Bovine papular stomatitis virus" (html). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. Fenner, Frank J.; Gibbs, E. Paul J.; Murphy, Frederick A.; Rott, Rudolph; Studdert, Michael J.; White, David O. (1993). Veterinary Virology (2nd ed.). Academic Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-12-253056-2.