List of types of fungal infection

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Fungal infection, also known as mycosis, is disease caused by fungi.[1] Dermatophytosis is a group fungal infections of the skin, caused by dermatophytes; species of Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton.[2][3][4] These fungi characteristically affect the outer outer layer of skin, hair shaft and the nail.[1] Non-dermatophyte superficial dermatomycoses includes pityriasis versicolor and tinea nigra.[1]

Mycosis[1] ICD-11 code[1] Type[1] Sub-type[1] Signs and symptoms Cause Image
Aspergillosis[1] 1F20 Invasive Aspergillus[1] Aspergillosis (Radiopaedia 30275).JPG
Non-invasive
Aspergilloma[5] Aspergilloma at fibreoptic bronchoscopy.png
CA82.4 Aspergillus-induced allergic or hypersensitivity conditions
KA63.1 Neonatal aspergillosis
1F20.Z Aspergillosis, unspecified
Basidiobolomycosis[1] 1F21 Basidiobolus ranarum PMC3937489 IDOJ-5-51-g001.png
Blastomycosis[1] 1F22 Blastomyces dermatitidis Blastomycosis skin 2.png
Candidiasis[1] 1F23 Candidosis of lips or oral mucous membranes Candida Human tongue infected with oral candidiasis.jpg
Candidosis of skin or mucous membranes
Candidosis of gastrointestinal tract
Systemic or invasive candidosis
Other specified and unspecified candidosis
Neonatal candidosis
EH12 Congenital cutaneous candidiasis PMC3088947 IJD-56-92-g001.png
Chromoblastomycosis[1] 1F24 Macro image of chromoblastomycosis (DermNet NZ chromoblastomycosis-01).jpg
Coccidioidomycosis[1] 1F25 Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii Coccidiodes lesion 1.jpg
Conidiobolomycosis[1] 1F26 Conidiobolus coronatus IJD-61-697-g001.jpg
Cryptococcosis[1] 1F27 Cryptococcus neoformans Pulmonary-cryptococcosis-6.png
Dermatophytosis[2]

(Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton)

Stratum corneum, hair, nails

1F28 Disseminated dermatophytosis
Tinea barbae

(beard)

Tinea sycosis[2]

Patch[2]

Scale

Hair loss

Trichophyton violaceum, Trichophyton rubrum Image supplied by Dr Shahbaz A. Janjua (DermNet NZ fungal-tinea-barbae).jpg
Tinea capitis

(scalp)

Trichophyton, Microsporum[2] Teigne - Tinea capitis.jpg
Kerion Trichophyton, Microsporum[2] Kerion (DermNet NZ fungal-inflm).jpg
Favus Favus.jpg
Tinea cruris

(groin)

Tinea cruris (DermNet NZ fungal-tcsev).jpg
Tinea unguium

(nail)

Dermatophytes, Fusarium Onychomycosis, toenail (DermNet NZ Onychomycosis-0).jpg
Tinea faciei

(face)

Photosensitive[2]

Red

Scale

Indistinct border

T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, T. tonsurans, M. gypseum, M.canis Tinea faciei (DermNet NZ fungal-s-tinea-faciei1).jpg
Tinea imbricata

(Tokelau)

Rings[2] Trichophyton concentricum Tinea imbricata 1.png
Tinea corporis

(body)

Trichophyton concentricum Patch (circular)[2]

Red or pale

Scale at edge


Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton Tinea corporis (DermNet NZ fungal-s-tincorp9).jpg
Tinea pedis

(feet)

Athlete foot (DermNet NZ fungal-athfoot1).jpg
Tinea manuum

(hands)

Trichophyton rubrum Zoophilic tinea infection (DermNet NZ tinea-manuum-01).jpg
Emmonsiosis 1F2L Disseminated adiaspiromycosis Emmonsia
Pulmonary adiaspiromycosis
Eumycetoma 1F29 Madurella mycetomatis, Madurella grisea, Leptosphaeria senegalensis, Curvularia lunata, Scedosporium apiospermum, Neotestudina rosatii, Acremonium spp. and Fusarium spp.. Courtesy Dr. Sriyani Samaraweera (DermNet NZ Mycetoma-foot-2).jpg
Histoplasmosis 1F2A Histoplasma capsulatum[6] Histoplasmosis, due to the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum skin lesion 6840 lores.jpg
Pulmonary histoplasmosis capsulati
Histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma duboisii
Lobomycosis 1F2B Lacazia loboi PMC4199563 tcrm-10-851Fig2.png
Mucormycosis 1F2C Mucorales Rhinocerebral mucormycosis.png
Myelitis due to fungus 1D02.2
Non-dermatophyte superficial dermatomycoses 1F2D Pityriasis versicolor Pityriasis versicolor (DermNet NZ fungal-pityriasis-versicolor-3479).jpg
Malassezia folliculitis Malassezia folliculitis (DermNet NZ fungal-pitfol1).jpg
White piedra PMC2938578 IJT-1-140-g001.png
Black piedra
Tinea nigra Brown macules that scrape off easily[2]

Palms, soles

Tinea nigra speckled palm.png
Onychomycosis due to non-dermatophyte Onychomycosis due to non-dermatophyte mould
Candida onychomycosis
Paracoccidioidomycosis 1F2E Pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis 'Paracoccidioides
Disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis Paracoccidioidomycosis lesions.png
Phaeohyphomycosis 1F2F PMC4653896 12879 2015 1241 Fig1 HTML.png
Pneumocystosis 1F2G Pulmonary pneumocystosis Pneumocystis jirovecii AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma (Radiopaedia 85247-100810 Frontal 1) (cropped).jpg
Scedosporiosis (Lomentospora prolificans) 1F2H Scedosporium
Sporotrichosis[7] 1F2J Lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis Sporothrix schenckii
Fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis Sporothrix schenckii PMC4025057 cde-0006-0114-g01.png
Disseminated sporotrichosis
Other specified sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis, unspecified
Talaromycosis 1F2K Talaromyces marneffei Facial nodules with talaromycosis (DermNet NZ penicilliosis-v3).jpg

See also

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 "ICD-11 - ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics". icd.who.int. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "15. Diseases resulting from fungi and yeasts". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. pp. 291–323. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6. Archived from the original on 2023-07-01. Retrieved 2023-06-26.
  3. Begum, Jubeda; Mir, Nasir A.; Lingaraju, Madhu C.; Buyamayum, Bidyarani; Dev, Kapil (2020). "Recent advances in the diagnosis of dermatophytosis". Journal of Basic Microbiology. 60 (4): 293–303. doi:10.1002/jobm.201900675. ISSN 1521-4028. Archived from the original on 2023-07-01. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  4. "Dermatophytosis (Tinea Infections). Medical information. Patient". patient.info. Archived from the original on 21 May 2021. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  5. Chakraborty, Rebanta K.; Baradhi, Krishna M. (2023). "Aspergilloma". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Archived from the original on 2022-08-17. Retrieved 2023-07-30.
  6. Toscanini, María Agustina; Nusblat, Alejandro David; Cuestas, María Luján (March 2021). "Diagnosis of histoplasmosis: current status and perspectives". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 105 (5): 1837–1859. doi:10.1007/s00253-021-11170-9. ISSN 1432-0614. PMID 33587157. Archived from the original on 2023-05-18. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  7. "Sporotrichosis". www.cdc.gov. CDC. 9 February 2022. Archived from the original on 13 March 2023. Retrieved 22 June 2023.