Trumpeter's wart

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Trumpeter's wart
SymptomsSmall hard bump on upper lip[1]
CausesRepeated friction[2]
Risk factorsTrumpet players[1]
Diagnostic methodBased on appearance[2]

A trumpeter's wart is a small thick hardened bump on a trumpet player's upper lip.[1] It is not a wart.[2] Trombone player's may develop a similar bump on their lower lip.[1]

It is caused by repeated friction between the instrument and the lip.[2] Diagnosis is based on appearance.[2] Taking a biopsy may be harmful as it may affect the musician's ability to play.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "34. Disorders of the mucous membranes: Trumpeter's wart". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. p. 806. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6. Archived from the original on 2022-08-15. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Milgraum, S; Gold, E; Milgraum, DM (September 2018). "The musician's mark". JAAD case reports. 4 (8): 772–773. doi:10.1016/j.jdcr.2018.06.006. PMID 30246122. Archived from the original on 2022-08-15. Retrieved 2022-08-12.