Feingold syndrome

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Feingold syndrome
Other names: Oculodigitoesophagoduodenal syndrome
Autosomal dominant - en.svg
Feingold Syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.

Feingold syndrome (also called oculodigitoesophagoduodenal syndrome) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder. It is named after Murray Feingold, an American physician who first described the syndrome in 1975. Until 2003, at least 79 patients have been reported worldwide.[1]

Signs and symptoms

Syndactyly of 2nd and 3rd or 4th and 5th toe

Feingold syndrome is marked by various combinations of microcephaly, limb malformations, esophageal and duodenal atresias. Cognition is affected, and ranges from below-average IQ to mild intellectual disability.[2]


Feingold syndrome is caused by mutations in the neuroblastoma-derived V-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral-related oncogene (MYCN) which is located on the short arm of chromosome 2 (2p24.1). This syndrome has also been linked to microdeletions in the MIR17HG locus which encodes a micro RNA cluster known as miR-17/92.[3]


The diagnosis is based on the following clinical findings:[citation needed]


There is no known treatment for the disorder, but surgery for malformations, special education, and treatment of hearing loss are important.[4]


  1. Tészás A, Meijer R, Scheffer H, et al. (October 2006). "Expanding the clinical spectrum of MYCN-related Feingold syndrome". Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 140 (20): 2254–6. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.31407. PMID 16906565.
  2. Celli J, van Bokhoven H, Brunner HG (November 2003). "Feingold syndrome: clinical review and genetic mapping". Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 122A (4): 294–300. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.20471. PMID 14518066.
  3. Marcelis, Carlo L. M.; Hol, Frans A.; Graham, Gail E.; Rieu, Paul N. M. A.; Kellermayer, Richard; Meijer, Rowdy P. P.; Lugtenberg, Dorien; Scheffer, Hans; Bokhoven, Hans van (2008). "Genotype–phenotype correlations in MYCN-related Feingold syndrome". Human Mutation. 29 (9): 1125–1132. doi:10.1002/humu.20750. ISSN 1098-1004.
  4. "Feingold Syndrome 1 | Hereditary Ocular Diseases". disorders.eyes.arizona.edu. Archived from the original on 2019-10-07. Retrieved 2019-10-07.

External links

External resources