Muscle ache

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Muscle ache
Other names: Muscle pain, myalgia[1]
SpecialtyRheumatology
FrequencyCommon[1]

Muscle ache, also known as myalgia, is pain in muscle.[1] It is a feature of muscle tension, overuse, or injury from physical work and exercise.[1] It may present as a symptom of an infectious disease and other diseases such as lupus and fibromyalgia.[1]

Causes

The most common causes of myalgia are overuse, injury, or strain. However, myalgia can also be caused by diseases, medications, or as a response to a vaccination. Dehydration at times results in muscle pain as well, especially for people involved in extensive physical activities such as workout. It is also a sign of acute rejection after heart transplant surgery.[citation needed]

Long-lasting myalgia can be caused by metabolic myopathy, some nutritional deficiencies, and chronic fatigue syndrome. The most common causes are:[citation needed]

  • Injury or trauma, including sprains, hematoma
  • Overuse: using a muscle too much, too often, including protecting a separate injury
  • Chronic tension

Muscle pain occurs with:

Overuse

Overuse of a muscle is using it too much, too soon or too often.[5] One example is repetitive strain injury. See also:

Injury

The most common causes of myalgia by injury are: sprains and strains.[5]

Autoimmune

Metabolic defect

Other

Withdrawal syndrome from certain drugs

Sudden cessation of high-dose corticosteroids, opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, caffeine, or alcohol can induce myalgia.[citation needed]

Treatment

When the cause of myalgia is unknown, it should be treated symptomatically. Common treatments include heat, rest, paracetamol, NSAIDs and muscle relaxants.[7]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Muscle aches: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". medlineplus.gov. Archived from the original on 9 April 2022. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Balon R, Segraves RT, eds. (2005). Handbook of Sexual Dysfunction. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780824758264.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wylie KR, ed. (2015). ABC of Sexual Health. John Wiley & Sons. p. 75. ISBN 9781118665565.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Postorgasmic illness syndrome". Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD). National Institutes of Health. 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "MedlinePlus". Archived from the original on 2016-07-05. Retrieved 2021-08-13.
  6. Glueck, CharlesJ; Conrad, Brandon (2013). "Severe vitamin D deficiency, myopathy, and rhabdomyolysis". North American Journal of Medical Sciences. 5 (8): 494–495. doi:10.4103/1947-2714.117325. ISSN 1947-2714. PMC 3784929. PMID 24083227.
  7. Shmerling, Robert H (April 25, 2016). "Approach to the patient with myalgia". UpToDate. Archived from the original on 2018-05-28. Retrieved 2018-05-27.

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External resources