Vaccine-preventable diseases in children and adolescents

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This is a list of vaccine-preventable diseases in children and adolescents.[1][2]

Globally, 1 in 5 Children cannot access essential vaccines.[3]Childhood vaccination prevents 4 million deaths every year.[3] Better sanitation, access to health care, and infant nutrition, have also contributed to reduced deaths in babies.[2] The cost of vaccination is around 44 times less than the economic benefit it gives; therefore it is cost-effective.[2]

vaccine-preventable diseases
Disease Cause Effective vaccine Image Video Impact
Chickenpox Varicella zoster virus Chickenpox vaccine (1995)[2] Chickenpox (DermNet NZ viral-w-varicella117).jpg 87% reduction in cases the US following vaccination[2]
Diphtheria[4] Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria vaccine (1923)[2] Diphtheria bull neck.5325 lores.jpg [2]
Haemophilus influenzae infection Haemophilus influenzae Hib vaccine (1985)[2] Epiglottitis endoscopy.jpg [2]
Hepatitis A Hepatovirus A Hepatitis A vaccine (1996)[2]
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B vaccine (1981)[2] [2]
Human papillomavirus infection[5] Papillomaviridae [2]
Influenza[6] Influenza virus Influenza vaccine (1936)[2]
Measles Measles morbillivirus Measles vaccine (1963)[2] See smartphone apps to check your skin.(Sponsored content) (DermNet NZ viral-measles12).jpg 20 million deaths prevented between 2000 and 2015[2]
Meningoccal infection Meningitis vaccine (1974)[2]
Mumps Mumps virus Mumps vaccine (1963)[2] Mumps1.png
Pertussis[7] Bordetella pertussis Pertussis vaccine (1926)[2][8] [2]
Pneumococcal infection Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumococcal vaccine (1977)[2] Pneumococcal pneumonia chest X-ray.png [2]
Polio[9] Poliovirus Polio vaccine (1955)[2] 350,000/year in 1988, 74 in 2015 in 3 countries[2]
Rotavirus gastroenteritis Rotavirus Rotavirus vaccine (1989)[2]
Rubella Rubella virus Rubella vaccine (1969)[2] Rubella rash (DermNet NZ viral-rubella3).jpg [2]
Tetanus

Neonatal tetanus

Clostridium tetani [4] Tetanus vaccine (1924)[2] Neonatal tetanus 6374.jpg Neonatal tetanus eradicated in two thirds of developing countries.[2]

Caused ~1.5 million deaths in 1980.[2]

Following widespread vaccination and improved hygiene practices, deaths dropped to 25,000 in 2015.[10]

Videos

Vaccines – A Public Health Achievement

References

  1. Hickey, Patrick W. (2022). "1. Introduction to vaccine preventable diseases in children and adolescents". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 2–4. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-09-25. Retrieved 2023-09-25.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 Mutsaerts, Eleanor A. M. L.; Madhi, Shabir A. (2022). "11.3. Immunisation and vaccination". In Detels, Roger; Karim, Quarraisha Abdool; Baum, Fran (eds.). Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health (7th ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 583–596. ISBN 978-0-19-881680-5. Archived from the original on 2023-10-20. Retrieved 2023-10-09.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Fast Facts on Global Immunization". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 20 April 2023. Archived from the original on 25 September 2023. Retrieved 25 September 2023.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Donahue, Megan L.; Eberly, Matthew D. (2022). "2. Diphtheria and tetanus". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 5–10. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-10-20. Retrieved 2023-09-25.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Nakra, Natasha A.; Blumberg, Dean A. (2022). "16. Human Papillomavirus infections and prevention". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 71–74. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-10-20. Retrieved 2023-10-02.
  6. "Global Influenza Programme: Vaccines". www.who.int. World Health Organisation. Archived from the original on 20 September 2023. Retrieved 13 October 2023.
  7. Hickey, Patrick W. (2022). "3. Bordatella pertussis and pertussis (whooping cough)". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 11–15. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-10-20. Retrieved 2023-09-25.
  8. Kollaritsch, Herwig; Heininger, Ulrich (2021). "18. Pertussis vaccines". In Vesikari, Timo; Damme, Pierre Van (eds.). Pediatric Vaccines and Vaccinations: A European Textbook (Second ed.). Switzerland: Springer. pp. 185–194. ISBN 978-3-030-77172-0. Archived from the original on 2023-09-16. Retrieved 2023-09-25.
  9. Helfrich, Alison M.; Tajnik, Michael (2022). "7. Poliomyelitis (polio) and polio viruses". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 29–33. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-10-20. Retrieved 2023-09-25.
  10. Vesikari, Timo; Maertens, Kirsten; Finn, Adam (2021). "6. Maternal immunization". In Vesikari, Timo; Damme, Pierre Van (eds.). Pediatric Vaccines and Vaccinations: A European Textbook (2nd ed.). Switzerland: Springer. p. 50. ISBN 978-3-030-77172-0. Archived from the original on 2023-09-16. Retrieved 2023-10-10.