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Other names: Oxycephaly,[1] Acrocephaly, Hypsicephaly,[1] Oxycephalia,[1] Steeple head,[1] Tower head,[1] Tower skull, High-head syndrome, Turmschädel,[2]
Symptomsreduced head length and width for age

Turricephaly is a type of cephalic disorder where the head appears tall with a small length and width.[3][4] It is due to premature closure of the coronal suture plus any other suture, like the lambdoid,[5] or it may be used to describe the premature fusion of all sutures.[2] It should be differentiated from Crouzon syndrome. Oxycephaly (or acrocephaly) is a form of turricephaly where the head is cone-shaped, and is the most severe of the craniosynostoses.[4]

It may be associated with:[6]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Mosby's Medical Dictionary (8th ed.). Elsevier. 2009. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bodian, Martin (May 6, 1950). "Oxycephaly". Journal of the American Medical Association. 143 (1): 15–8. doi:10.1001/jama.1950.02910360017006. PMID 15415226.
  3. "Turricephaly". Elements of Morphology. National Human Genome Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2022-10-29. Retrieved 2022-10-29.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Allanson, Judith E.; Cunniff, Christopher; Hoyme, H. Eugene; McGaughran, Julie; Muenke, Max; Neri, Giovanni (January 2009). "Elements of morphology: standard terminology for the head and face". American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A. 149A (1): 6–28. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.32612. ISSN 1552-4833. PMC 2778021. PMID 19125436. Archived from the original on 2023-02-20. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  5. "oxycephaly". TheFreeDictionary. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  6. Weerakkody, Yuranga; Goel, Ayush. "Oxycephaly". Radiopaedia.org. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2013.

Further reading

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External resources