List of disorders of skin color

From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pigmentation changes in skin may be normal or a sign of skin disease.[1][2] Pigmentation disorders generally involve an abnormal pigmentation of skin, or underproduction or overproduction of melanin.[1] Other skin colour changes occur in conditions such as carotenaemia and argyria.[3]

Normal variant

Name Description Image
Pigmentary demarcation lines[1]

Pigmentation disorders

Types Subtypes
Abnormal pigmentation Hemosiderin hyperpigmentation
Medication pigment
Postinflammatory pigmentation
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis
Reticulate pigment disorders of the skin Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria
Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria
Dowling–Degos disease
Galli-Galli disease
Reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura
Dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis
Transient neonatal pustular melanosis
Leucoderma syphiliticum
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
Metallic discolorations Arsenical keratosis
Titanium metallic discoloration
Chemical leukoderma
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome
Alezzandrini syndrome
Congenital disorders of hypopigmentation[4]
Oculocutaneous albinism

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "36. Disturbances of pigmentation". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. pp. 862–880. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6. Archived from the original on 2023-03-30. Retrieved 2023-06-03.
  2. Nicolaidou, Electra; Dessinioti, Clio; Katsambas, Andreas (2019). Hypopigmentation. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-351-37962-5. Archived from the original on 2023-07-01. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
  3. "ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics". Archived from the original on 23 February 2024. Retrieved 5 June 2024.
  4. Dessinioti, Clio; Stratigos, Alexander J.; Rigopoulos, Dimitris; Katsambas, Andreas D. (September 2009). "A review of genetic disorders of hypopigmentation: lessons learned from the biology of melanocytes". Experimental Dermatology. 18 (9): 741–749. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2009.00896.x. ISSN 1600-0625. Archived from the original on 2022-08-02. Retrieved 2023-04-16.