Maternal infections that can affect the baby

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This a list of mother-to-child infections and other neonatal infections acquired from the mother.[1]

Name Cause Image Notes
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)[2] Excessive growth of bacteria Bacterial vaginosis discharge.png BV may present with fishy smelling vaginal discharge or no symptoms, and generally does not directly affect the newborn baby, though infection in pregnancy may result in premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor and preterm birth, chorioamnionitis, and endometritis.[2] If infection is detected in the mother, antibiotics are generally given during childbirth.[2]
Chlamydia[2] Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydia neonate pneumonia chest X-ray.png Chlamydia in pregnancy may result in preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, and a small baby.[2] An affected mother may have vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding, or no symptoms.[2] Exposure during childbirth may cause eye and lung infections.[2]
Congenital cytomegalovirus infection[3] Human cytomegalovirus infection Congenital CMV.png
Congenital rubella[4] Rubella virus Infant with skin lesions from congenital rubella.jpg
Congenital syphilis[5] Treponema pallidum Congenital Syphilis swollen elbow.png
Congenital toxoplasmosis[6] Toxoplasma gondii Toxoplasmosis, Congenital.jpg
Congenital varicella syndrome[7] Varicella zoster virus CongenitalVaricellaStill.png
Congenital Zika syndrome[8] Zika virus Congenital Zika syndrome.png
Fifth disease Parvovirus B19
Gonorrhea[2] Neisseria gonorrhoeae Untreated may be associated with miscarriages, preterm birth and small baby, premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis. At delivery risk of eye infections.[2]
Group B Strep in pregnancy and newborn babies[9] Streptococcus agalactiae
Hepatitis B[2] Hepatitis B virus'
Hepatitis C[1]
Hepatitis E[1]
Neonatal herpes simplex[2] Neonatal herpes simplex2.png
Neonatal HIV[11] HIV Most affected children are infected from their mothers.[11]
Neonatal varicella[12] Varicella zoster virus Neonatal varicella2.png
Trichomoniasis[2] Trichomonas vaginalis
Ureaplasma urealyticum[13]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Boushra, Marina; Farci, Fabiola (2023). "Antepartum Infections". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. PMID 32809636. Archived from the original on 2022-04-01. Retrieved 2023-09-10.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 "Detailed STD Facts - STDs & Pregnancy". 10 April 2023. Archived from the original on 31 May 2023. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  3. Domachowske, Joseph; Suryadevara, Manika (2020). "26. Congenital and perinatal infections". Clinical Infectious Diseases Study Guide: A Problem-Based Approach. Switzerland: Springer. pp. 164–165. ISBN 978-3-030-50872-2. Archived from the original on 2023-06-30. Retrieved 2023-06-10.
  4. Rochester, Caitlin K.; Adams, Daniel J. (2022). "12. Rubella". In Jong, Elaine C.; Stevens, Dennis L. (eds.). Netter's Infectious Diseases (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-323-71159-3. Archived from the original on 2023-09-10. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  5. "Congenital Infectious Syndromes: Congenital Rubella Syndrome". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1 April 2021. Archived from the original on 10 June 2023. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  6. Montoya, Jose G. (2020). "328. Toxoplasmosis". In Goldman, Lee; Schafer, Andrew I. (eds.). Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Vol. 2 (26th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. p. 2056-2058. ISBN 978-0-323-55087-1. Archived from the original on 2023-09-10. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  7. Bhavsar, Sejal M.; Mangat, Chetna (2023). "Congenital Varicella Syndrome". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. PMID 33760553. Archived from the original on 2023-06-29. Retrieved 2023-09-08.
  8. Freitas, Danielle A.; Souza-Santos, Reinaldo; Carvalho, Liege M. A.; Barros, Wagner B.; Neves, Luiza M.; Brasil, Patrícia; Wakimoto, Mayumi D. (15 December 2020). "Congenital Zika syndrome: A systematic review". PLoS ONE. 15 (12): e0242367. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0242367. ISSN 1932-6203. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 9 September 2023.
  9. Jones, hristine E.; Heath, Paul T.; Le Doare, Kirsty (2021). "24. GBS and CMV vaccines in pipeline development". In Vesikari, Timo; Damme, Pierre Van (eds.). Pediatric Vaccines and Vaccinations: A European Textbook (Second ed.). Switzerland: Springer. pp. 283–288. ISBN 978-3-030-77172-0.
  10. "Prevent Listeria Infections". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 25 October 2022. Archived from the original on 28 June 2023. Retrieved 11 September 2023.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Abbas, Malak; Bakhtyar, Arsala; Bazzi, Rima (2022). "Neonatal HIV". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. PMID 33351437. Archived from the original on 2022-10-20. Retrieved 2023-09-10.
  12. Blumental, Sophie; Lepage, Philippe (30 May 2019). "Management of varicella in neonates and infants". BMJ Paediatrics Open. 3 (1): e000433. doi:10.1136/bmjpo-2019-000433. ISSN 2399-9772. PMID 31263790. Archived from the original on 10 September 2023. Retrieved 8 September 2023.
  13. Bartkeviciene, Daiva; Opolskiene, Gina; Bartkeviciute, Agne; Arlauskiene, Audrone; Lauzikiene, Dalia; Zakareviciene, Jolita; Ramasauskaite, Diana. "The impact of Ureaplasma infections on pregnancy complications". The Libyan Journal of Medicine. 15 (1): 1812821. doi:10.1080/19932820.2020.1812821. ISSN 1993-2820. PMID 32854606. Archived from the original on 2023-01-08. Retrieved 2023-09-10.