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Symptoms with rupture
Severe complications of a ruptured appendix include widespread, painful inflammation of the inner lining of the abdominal wall, and sepsis.
Etiology of blockage
The combination of inflammation, reduced blood flow to the appendix, and distention of the appendix causes tissue injury, and tissue death. If this process is left untreated, the appendix may burst, releasing bacteria into the abdominal cavity, leading to increased complications.
The diagnosis of appendicitis is largely based on the person's signs, and symptoms. In cases where the diagnosis is unclear, close observation, medical imaging, and laboratory tests can be helpful.
CT vs ultrasound
Open vs closed
This may be done by an open incision in the abdomen (called a laparotomy), or through a few smaller incisions with the help of cameras (which is called laparoscopy). Surgery decreases the risk of side effects, or death, associated with rupture of the appendix.
Appendicitis is one of the most common, and significant causes of severe abdominal pain, that comes on quickly. In 2015, about 11.6 million cases of appendicitis occurred, which resulted in about 50,100 deaths.
National burden in US
In the United States, appendicitis is the most common cause of sudden abdominal pain requiring surgery. Each year in the United States, more than 300,000 people with appendicitis, have their appendix surgically removed.
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