Nursing in Pakistan

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Nursing is a major component of Pakistan's health-care system. The topic has been the subject of extensive historical studies, is as of 2009 a major issue in the country, and has been the subject of much scholarly discussion amongst academics and practitioners.[1] In 2009, Pakistan’s government stated its intent to improve the country's nursing care.

Nursing is a health-care profession which is mainly aimed on the care of families and individuals. Nursing is important in every part of the world, especially in developing countries like Pakistan. In 2021, Pakistan faces a great shortage of trained nurses.[2]

Nursing education and organizations

Pakistani educational system included these nursing institutes:[3]

  1. School of Nursing, Christian Hospital, Quetta
  2. Karachi King's (K.K) School & College of Nursing, Karachi
  3. New Life School & College of Nursing, Karachi
  4. New Life Institute of Nursing, Multan
  5. People's Nursing School, LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh
  6. Jamshoro College of Nursing, Jamshoro
  7. College of Nursing, PIMS, Islamabad at Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University Islamabad
  8. College of Nursing, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh[3]
  9. Institute of Nursing at Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi[3]
  10. Aga Khan University School of Nursing,[4][3]
  11. Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar[3]
  12. Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences School of Nursing.[5][6]
  13. Institute of Nursing Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi[3]
  14. The Ilmiya Institute of Nursing, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro
  15. Karachi Adventist College of Nursing
  16. Sachal Sarmast Institute of Nursing, Khairpur, Sindh
  17. Mehran School of Nursing, Khairpur
  18. Shifa College of Nursing, Islamabad[3]
  19. Liaquat National College of Nursing, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro
  20. Lahore School of Nursing, University of Lahore[3]
  21. College of Nursing, Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore
  22. Postgraduate College of Nursing, Lahore, Punjab
  23. College of Nursing, Isra University, Karachi[3]
  24. College of Nursing, Ziauddin University, Karachi[3]
  25. Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar
  26. Life Saving institute of Nursing, Karachi
  27. Rufaidah Nursing College, Peshawar (A project of Peshawar Medical College affiliated with Riphah International University, Islamabad
  28. College of Nursing, Rehman Medical Institute
  29. College of Nursing, Saida Waheed FMH
  30. School of Nursing, Holy Family Hospital, Karachi

The Canadian International Development Agency funded several nursing education initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s.[4]

Pakistan has established professional nursing organizations. The Pakistan Nursing Council (PNC), established in 1948 and formally constituted by Acts in 1952 and 1973, certifies nurses, midwives, Lady Health Visitors (LHVs), Licensed Practical Nurses and Nursing Auxiliaries for practice. The PNC has involvement in improving and standardizing public education and clinical nursing standards. They also oversee the ethical standards and general welfare of nurses. The PNC inspects and approves nursing schools. This Council also approves education programs and has the authority to examine, register and enrol nurses, midwives and nursing auxiliaries of nursing council. The Council provides licenses to the nursing agencies and monitors nursing employers.


Initially, the health-care services in Pakistan were ill-developed and the rate of employment in health-care jobs in Pakistan was very low. Since 1951 Pakistani governments have concentrated on the development and improvement of health care services and one of the major steps is increasing the rate of funding to Pakistan Nursing Council Clinics. This Nursing Council (PNC) has also played a key role to provide world-class health care and nursing council services to the patients and has been accredited by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.[7]

Nurse-Patient ratio in Pakistan

Pakistan had a nurse-to-population ratio of 1:32000 in 1960, improving to 1:5199 by 1997. In 2013, the situation had further improved when nurse-patient ratio in Pakistan was approximately 1:50.[5]

Pakistani medical sector has historically been preoccupied with cure rather than care which resulted in Pakistan producing a massive number of doctors every year and ignoring the shortage in the nursing workforce.[8]

In 2015, according to the Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences, the nurse-patient ratio in Pakistan again was approximately 1:50.[8]

In 2021, an interactive chart showing nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people) - Pakistan compared to all other countries in the world per The World Bank website.[9]

Global-2020 100 outstanding nurses list

In 2020, 8 Pakistani nurses and midwives were included among the 'Global-2020 100 Outstanding Women Nurses and Midwives'. This list had 100 professionals from a total of 43 countries who were recognised by World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and the International Council of Nursing for their services to help raise healthcare standards across the world. It is worth noting that all 8 above-mentioned nurses were from the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.[10][2]

See also


  1. ^ "Nursing in Pakistan" search at Google Scholar, Retrieved 4 August 2021
  2. ^ a b Pakistan has great shortage of trained high-quality nurses The News International (newspaper), Published 12 May 2021, Retrieved 5 August 2021
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Muhammad Waqas. "Nursing Colleges in Pakistan". Nursing website. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Community Partnerships at the School of Nursing - Pakistan". McMaster University website. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  5. ^ a b Salman, M.; Kazi, B.M.; Ghaffar, A. (March 2000). "Health Care Systems in transition III. Pakistan, Part I. An overview of the health care system in Pakistan". Journal of Public Health website. pp. 38–42. doi:10.1093/pubmed/22.1.38.
  6. ^ "School of Nursing". Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  7. ^ Pakistan Nursing Council is accredited by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan Higher Education Commission of Pakistan website, Retrieved 5 August 2021
  8. ^ a b Sadia Muhammad Yar (5 April 2017). "In need of nurses". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  9. ^ Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people) - Pakistan The World Bank website, Retrieved 5 August 2021
  10. ^ Nursing excellence Dawn (newspaper), Published 2 January 2021, Retrieved 4 August 2021

Further reading

  • Wilkinson, Alice (1958). A brief history of nursing in India and Pakistan. Delhi: Trained Nurses’ Association of India. p. 115.