From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search
SpecialtyInfectious diseases
SymptomsLumps, grainy discharge from weeping sinuses[1]
Risk factorsPoverty in tropics[1]

Actinomycetoma is is a type of mycetoma, a chronic bacterial subcutaneous infection caused by Actinomyces that affects the skin and connective tissue.[2] It is, therefore, a form of actinomycosis.[3]

Mycetoma is a broad term which includes actinomycetoma and eumycetoma under it.[1] However, eumycetoma is caused by fungal infection in contrast to actinomycetoma that is caused by bacteria mostly anaerobic.

The predominant site of infection is the foot and leg.[1] Both actinomycetoma and eumycetoma show very similar clinical and radiological presentations, and both chronic infections are endemic in tropical countries.[1]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Zijlstra, Eduard E.; Sande, Wendy W. J. van de; Welsh, Oliverio; Mahgoub, El Sheikh; Goodfellow, Michael; Fahal, Ahmed H. (1 January 2016). "Mycetoma: a unique neglected tropical disease". The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 16 (1): 100–112. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00359-X. ISSN 1473-3099. Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  2. Viguier, Manuelle; Lafaurie, Matthieu (15 January 2015). "Actinomycetoma". New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (3): 264. doi:10.1056/NEJMicm1316013. PMID 25587950.
  3. Arenas, Roberto; Fernandez Martinez, Ramón F.; Torres-Guerrero, Edoardo; Garcia, Carlos (2017). "Actinomycetoma: an update on diagnosis and treatment". Cutis. 99 (2): –11–E15. ISSN 2326-6929. PMID 28319638.