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|Symptoms||Lumps, grainy discharge from weeping sinuses|
|Risk factors||Poverty in tropics|
Actinomycetoma is is a type of mycetoma, a chronic bacterial subcutaneous infection caused by Actinomyces that affects the skin and connective tissue. It is, therefore, a form of actinomycosis.
Mycetoma is a broad term which includes actinomycetoma and eumycetoma under it. However, eumycetoma is caused by fungal infection in contrast to actinomycetoma that is caused by bacteria mostly anaerobic.
The predominant site of infection is the foot and leg. Both actinomycetoma and eumycetoma show very similar clinical and radiological presentations, and both chronic infections are endemic in tropical countries.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Zijlstra, Eduard E.; Sande, Wendy W. J. van de; Welsh, Oliverio; Mahgoub, El Sheikh; Goodfellow, Michael; Fahal, Ahmed H. (1 January 2016). "Mycetoma: a unique neglected tropical disease". The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 16 (1): 100–112. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00359-X. ISSN 1473-3099. Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
- ↑ Viguier, Manuelle; Lafaurie, Matthieu (15 January 2015). "Actinomycetoma". New England Journal of Medicine. 372 (3): 264. doi:10.1056/NEJMicm1316013. PMID 25587950.
- ↑ Arenas, Roberto; Fernandez Martinez, Ramón F.; Torres-Guerrero, Edoardo; Garcia, Carlos (2017). "Actinomycetoma: an update on diagnosis and treatment". Cutis. 99 (2): –11–E15. ISSN 2326-6929. PMID 28319638.