Video:Staphylococcal infection

From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Staphylococcal infection (Tutorial)
File:En.Video-Staphylococcal infection.webm
On Commons
Steps for video creation
Step 1Preview my changes (10 sec)
Step 2Upload to Commons (10 min)

Edit with VisualEditor

Definition

A staphylococcal infection or staph infection is an infection caused by members of the Staphylococcus genus of bacteria.Once the bacterium has been identified as the cause of the illness, treatment is often in the form of antibiotics and, drainage of the infected area.However, many strains of this bacterium have become antibiotic resistant; for those suffering these kinds of infection, the body's own immune system is the only defense against the disease.[1]

Signs and symptoms

Staph infection is normally characterized by redness, pus, swelling, and tenderness in the areas infected, though each type of skin infection caused by staph bacteria is different.[2]

Cause

Staph infection can occur due to open wounds, weakened immune system, proximity to an infected individual and post surgical infection.[3][4]


Diagnosis

In terms of the diagnosis of Staph infection, one finds that a physical exam, culture (via nasal, stool, or tissue sample) and imaging tests are done.[2]

Classification

Staph infection classification is divided into coagulase positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and coagulase negative (S. epidermidis).[5][6]

Treatment

Treatment for staph infection varies depending on the type and severity of infection, common treatments are antibiotics, topical creams, and drainage/cleaning of infectious wounds.[7][8]

Epidemiology

Staphylococcus bacteria is one of the leading community-acquired bacteria and a cause for concern among healthcare professionals, especially new antibiotic-resistant strains.[9][10]

References

  1. "Staph infections". Mayo Clinic. Archived from the original on 2021-06-01. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Staphylococcal Infections". medlineplus.gov. Archived from the original on 19 December 2022. Retrieved 24 December 2022.
  3. "Staph infections - self-care at home: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  4. Zabaglo, Mate; Sharman, Tariq (2022). "Postoperative Wound Infection". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  5. Władyka, Benedykt; Bonar, Emilia (1 January 2018). "Chapter 21 - Application of Staphylococci in the Food Industry and Biotechnology". Pet-To-Man Travelling Staphylococci. Academic Press. pp. 281–291. ISBN 978-0-12-813547-1. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  6. Lee, Ezra; Anjum, Fatima (2022). "Staphylococcus Epidermidis". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  7. David, Michael Z.; Daum, Robert S. (2017). "Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus Infections". Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 409: 325–383. doi:10.1007/82_2017_42. ISSN 0070-217X. Archived from the original on 24 December 2022. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  8. Liu, Catherine; Bayer, Arnold; Cosgrove, Sara E.; Daum, Robert S.; Fridkin, Scott K.; Gorwitz, Rachel J.; Kaplan, Sheldon L.; Karchmer, Adolf W.; Levine, Donald P.; Murray, Barbara E.; Rybak, Michael J.; Talan, David A.; Chambers, Henry F. (1 February 2011). "Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Adults and Children". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 52 (3): e18–e55. doi:10.1093/cid/ciq146. Archived from the original on 8 December 2022. Retrieved 30 December 2022.
  9. Kourtis, Athena P. (2019). "Vital Signs: Epidemiology and Recent Trends in Methicillin-Resistant and in Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infections — United States". MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6809e1. ISSN 0149-2195. Archived from the original on 13 December 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  10. Self, Wesley H.; Wunderink, Richard G.; Williams, Derek J.; Zhu, Yuwei; Anderson, Evan J.; Balk, Robert A.; Fakhran, Sherene S.; Chappell, James D.; Casimir, Geoffrey; Courtney, D. Mark; Trabue, Christopher; Waterer, Grant W.; Bramley, Anna; Magill, Shelley; Jain, Seema; Edwards, Kathryn M.; Grijalva, Carlos G. (1 August 2016). "Staphylococcus aureus Community-acquired Pneumonia: Prevalence, Clinical Characteristics, and Outcomes". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 63 (3): 300–309. doi:10.1093/cid/ciw300. Archived from the original on 6 January 2023. Retrieved 6 January 2023.