Bertiella studeri

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Bertiella studeri
Scientific classification edit
Missing taxonomy template (fix): Bertiella
Binomial name
Template:Taxonomy/BertiellaBertiella studeri
(Blanchard, 1891)

Bertiella studeri is a species of Bertiellia, a type of cestodes (tapeworms). It is a parasite of primates which was first described in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) in 1940.[1] The intermediate host are oribatid mites,[1] which ingest the eggs, and are themselves ingested by the vertebrate host.[2] Oribatid mites infected with Bertiella transfer the developmental cysticercoid stage to a human host through tissue feeding.

This is one of two species of Bertiella that cause Bertielliasis in humans (the other being Bertiella mucronata).[3] The majority of human cases occur in individuals who have some level of contact with non-humanprimates.[4] Geographic distribution of cases demonstrate Bertiellia infection within countries from Asia, Africa, and the Americas.


a-d)Specimens of Bertiella studeri

An adult B. studeri tapeworm measures 10–30 cm long, and is 1 cm wide.[2]

The adult develops in the small intestine of the primate host.[2]

Once the adult develops in the small intestine, section of proglottid are expelled through the anus every 2 to 3 days. The average length of a B. Studeri proglottid segment is 0.1 cm with an average width ranging from 0.68 to 1.10 cm.[5]

B. Studeri infection in humans is usually asymptomatic. Although, infection can also lead to gastrointestinal irritation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, anorexia, weight loss, vomit and/or constipation.[6]


The presentation in humans is consistent with gastrointestinal discomfort. The diagnosis is done via stool sample, in terms of treatment there is limited information, however praziquantel has been used[7]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Galán-Puchades, Maria Teresa; Vicent Fuentes, Marius; Mas-Coma, Santiago (1 March 2000). "Morphology of Bertiella studeri (Blanchard, 1891) sensu Stunkard (1940) (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) of human origin and a proposal of criteria for the specific diagnosis of bertiellosis" (PDF). Folia Parasitologica. 47 (1): 23–28. doi:10.14411/fp.2000.005. PMID 10833012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 September 2023. Retrieved 20 May access
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Baker, D, ed. (2008). "Bertiella studeri". Flynn's Parasites of Laboratory Animals (2nd ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. p. 706. ISBN 9780470344170.
  3. Szyfres, B; Acha, PN (2003). "Bertielliasis". Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9789275119938.
  4. "CDC - DPDX - Bertiella Infection". 30 May 2019. Archived from the original on 10 June 2023. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  5. Sun, X; Fang, Q; Chen, XZ; Hu, SF; Xia, H; Wang, XM (2006). "Bertiella studeri infection, China". Emerg Infect Dis. 12 (1): 176–7. doi:10.3201/eid1201.050579. PMC 3291388. PMID 16634184.
  6. Lopes, VV; dos Santos, HA; Silva, AV; Fontes, G; Vieira, GL; Ferreira, AC; da Silva, ES (2015). "FIRST CASE OF HUMAN INFECTION BY Bertiella studeri (Blanchard, 1891) Stunkard,1940 (Cestoda; Anoplocephalidae) IN BRAZIL". Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 57 (5): 447–50. doi:10.1590/S0036-46652015000500015. PMC 4660458. PMID 26603236.
  7. "CDC - DPDx - Bertiella infection - Treatment Information". Archived from the original on 17 May 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2023.