Virginiamycin

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Virginiamycin
Streptogramin A.svg
Virginiamycin S1.png
Combination of
Virginiamycin S1streptogramin B antibiotic
Pristinamycin IIAstreptogramin A antibiotic
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comFDA Professional Drug Information
MedlinePlusa603007
ATC code
Identifiers
CAS Number
  • 11006-76-1 checkY
DrugBank
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
NIAID ChemDB
E numberE711 (antibiotics) Edit this at Wikidata
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.031.119 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Melting point138 to 140 °C (280 to 284 °F) (dec.)
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Virginiamycin is a streptogramin antibiotic similar to pristinamycin and quinupristin/dalfopristin. It is a combination of pristinamycin IIA (virginiamycin M1) and virginiamycin S1.[1] Virginiamycin is used in the fuel ethanol industry to prevent microbial contamination.[2] It is also used in agriculture, specifically in livestock, to accelerate the growth of the animals and to prevent and treat infections. [3] Antibiotics also save as much as 30% in feed costs among young swine, although the savings fade as pigs get older, according to a USDA study.[3]

References

  1. ^ Crooy P, De Neys R (June 1972). "Virginiamycin: nomenclature". The Journal of Antibiotics. 25 (6): 371–2. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.25.371. PMID 4568014.
  2. ^ "University of Michigan: Resistant Microbes, Antibiotic Abuse, and the Threat to Public Health". Archived from the original on 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  3. ^ a b "Drug-resistant infections lurk in the meat we eat - Infectious Diseases". NBC News. Retrieved December 29, 2009.