User:Whispyhistory/soft tissue and bone tumors/bone tumor

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Bone tumor

[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Benign

Noncancerous bone tumours
Name
Bone tumours
Osteochondroma [1]
Osteoid osteoma[2]
Chondroma[3]
Giant-cell tumor of bone (Osteoclastoma)[4]
Chondroblastoma
Osteoblastoma
Nonossifying fibroma
Osteofibrous dysplasia
Simple bone cyst
Aneurysmal cyst
Fibrous dysplasia of bone
Langerhans cell histiocytosis[5]
Enchondroma
Fibrocartilaginous mesenchymoma of bone

Malignant

Cancerous bone tumors
Name
Secondary cancers
Multiple myeloma
Osteosarcoma
Ewing sarcoma
Chondrosarcoma[7]
Spindle cell sarcomas[8]
Adamantinoma of long bones

Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor is no longer recognised.[9]

The 5th edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of Soft Tissue and Bone recognizes four subgroups of undifferentiated round cell sarcomas: Ewing sarcoma, CIC-rearranged sarcomas, BCOR-altered sarcomas, and sarcomas with EWSR1-non-ETS fusions, in addition to desmoplastic small round cell tumor. Each of these has unique clinical and prognostic characteristics distinct from Ewing sarcoma.[10]

References

  1. "Bone tumours. What are Bone Tumours?. Patient". patient.info. Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. "Bone Tumor - Types and Treatments - OrthoInfo - AAOS". www.orthoinfo.org. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  3. Maruthainar, Nimalan; Bhumbra, Rej; Cannon, Steve (2018). "7. Orthopaedic oncology". In Ramachandran, Manoj (ed.). Basic Orthopaedic Sciences (2nd ed.). CRC Press. pp. 105–121. ISBN 978-1-4441-2098-1.
  4. "Osteochondroma". www.hopkinsmedicine.org. Archived from the original on 27 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  5. "Bone Tumours and Benign Lytic Lesions". www.imageinterpretation.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. Ahn, Leah; O'Donnell, Patrick. "Non-Ossifying Fibroma - Pathology - Orthobullets". www.orthobullets.com. Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  7. WHO Classification of Tumours Editorial Board, ed. (2020). Soft Tissue and Bone Tumours: WHO Classification of Tumours. Vol. 3 (5th ed.). Lyon (France): International Agency for Research on Cancer. ISBN 978-92-832-4503-2.
  8. WHO Classification of Tumours Editorial Board, ed. (2020). Soft Tissue and Bone Tumours: WHO Classification of Tumours. Vol. 3 (5th ed.). Lyon (France): International Agency for Research on Cancer. ISBN 978-92-832-4503-2.
  9. Rios, Christian I.; De Jesus, Orlando (30 August 2021). "Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.
  10. Davis, Jessica L.; Rudzinski, Erin R. (1 September 2020). "Small Round Blue Cell Sarcoma Other Than Ewing Sarcoma: What Should an Oncologist Know?". Current Treatment Options in Oncology. 21 (11): 90. doi:10.1007/s11864-020-00785-1. ISSN 1534-6277. PMID 32875423.