User:Whispyhistory/infectious diseases/Poxvirus infections in humans

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Skin and poxvirus.[1]

All human poxvirus infections are zoonotic except molluscum and smallpox, which affect only humans.[2] Transmission is by close contact, contaminated objects or breathing in respiratory droplets.[2] Congobasin clade monkeypox is designated a select agent.[2] Limited testing worldwide means the true incidence of poxvirus infections is unknown.[2]

Monkeypox[3][4] Monkeypox virus
cell Vaccinia virus
Farmyard pox Bovine papular stomatitis





  1. James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Treat, James R.; Rosenbach, Misha A.; Neuhaus, Isaac (2020). "19. Viral diseases". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier. p. 386-393. ISBN 978-0-323-54753-6.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Petersen, Brett W.; Damon, Inger K. (2020). "348. Smallpox, monkeypox and other poxvirus infections". In Goldman, Lee; Schafer, Andrew I. (eds.). Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Vol. 2 (26th ed.). Elsevier. pp. 2181–2183. ISBN 978-0-323-53266-2.
  3. Petersen, Eskild; Kantele, Anu; Koopmans, Marion; Asogun, Danny; Yinka-Ogunleye, Adesola; Ihekweazu, Chikwe; Zumla, Alimuddin (December 2019). "Human Monkeypox: Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics, Diagnosis, and Prevention". Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 33 (4): 1027–1043. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2019.03.001. ISSN 1557-9824. PMID 30981594.
  4. Nash, Sherrie L.; Palmer, Sally B.; Wingfield, Wayne E. (2009). "1.11. Zoonoses and zoonotic diseases". In Wingfield, Wayne E.; Palmer, Sally B. (eds.). Veterinary Disaster Response. Iowa: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 167–168. ISBN 978-0-8138-1014-0.