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Signs and symptoms

Diseases of myocardium and endocardium

Diseases of the myocardium and endocardium.[1]


Pericardial disease

Rheumatic fever

Jones criteria

Jones criteria was developed in 1944 to diagnose rheumatic fever. It was revised by the American Heart Association (AHA) in 1992 and later in 2015.[3][4][5]


  1. McKenna, William J.; Elliott, Perry M. (2020). "54. Diseases of the myocardium and endocardium". In Goldman, Lee; Schafer, Andrew I. (eds.). Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Vol. 1 (26th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier. pp. 311–312. ISBN 978-0-323-55087-1.
  2. Mohan, Harsh (2018). Textbook of Pathology. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers. p. 480. ISBN 978-93-5270-547-4.
  3. Bach, David S. (8 May 2015). "Revised Jones Criteria for Acute Rheumatic Fever | Ten Points to Remember". American College of Cardiology. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  4. Szczygielska, Izabela; Hernik, Elżbieta; Kołodziejczyk, Beata; Gazda, Agnieszka; Maślińska, Maria; Gietka, Piotr (2018). "Rheumatic fever - new diagnostic criteria". Reumatologia. 56 (1): 37–41. doi:10.5114/reum.2018.74748. ISSN 0034-6233. PMID 29686441.
  5. Tissot, Cécile; Cruz, Eduardo M. da; Kalangos, Afksendyios; Buckvold, Shannon; Myers, Patrick O. (2020). "26. Mitral valve anomalies and related disorders". In Munoz, Ricardo A.; Morell, Victor O.; Cruz, Eduardo M. da; Vetterly, Carol G.; Silva, Jose Pedro da (eds.). Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts (2nd ed.). Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-030-21869-0.