Polidocanol

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Polidocanol
Polidocanol skeletal.svg
Names
Other names
  • Polydocanol
  • Laureth 9
  • Macrogol lauryl ether
  • Lauromacrogol
  • PEG-9 lauryl alcohol
  • POE-9 lauryl alcohol
  • Dodecylpolyethyleneglycolether
  • Hydroxyl polyethoxy dodecane
  • Oxypolyethoxydodecane
  • 3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27-nonaoxanonatriacontan-1-ol
Clinical data
Drug classNonionic detergent[1]
Main usesVaricose veins[2]
Side effectsLocal reaction, anaphylaxis, blood clots, tissue necrosis[2]
Routes of
use
Injection into a vein
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMPolidocanol
Legal
Legal status
  • OTC (topical), (injection)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC30H62O10
Molar mass582.816 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CCCCCCCCCCCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO
  • InChI=1S/C30H62O10/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-13-32-15-17-34-19-21-36-23-25-38-27-29-40-30-28-39-26-24-37-22-20-35-18-16-33-14-12-31/h31H,2-30H2,1H3 ☒N
  • Key:ONJQDTZCDSESIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Polidocanol, sold under the brand name Asclera, is a medication used to treat varicose veins including spider veins and reticular veins.[2] It may also be used for hemangiomas, and vascular malformations.[3] It is given by injection into the vein as part of sclerotherapy.[1]

Common side effects include a mild local reaction.[2] Other side effects may include anaphylaxis, blood clots, and tissue necrosis.[2] It is a nonionic detergent.[1]

Polidocanol was approved for medical use in the United States in 2010.[2] In the United States 2 ml of solution costs about 22 USD as of 2021.[4] It is also used topically in cosmetics.[5]

Medical uses

Sclerotherapy

Polidocanol is also used as a sclerosant, an irritant injected to treat varicose veins.[6]

The FDA has approved polidocanol injections for the treatment of small varicose (less than 1 mm in diameter) and reticular veins (1 to 3 mm in diameter). Polidocanol works by damaging the cell lining of blood vessels, causing them to close and eventually be replaced by other types of tissue.[7][8] Polidocanol in the form of Varithena injected in the greater saphenous vein can cause the eruption of varicose and spider veins throughout the lower leg. This procedure should be done with caution and with the knowledge that the appearance of the leg may be forever compromised.

Mechanism

Polidocanol causes fibrosis inside varicose veins, occluding the lumen of the vessel, and reducing the appearance of the varicosity.

Names

Pure polidocanol for pharmaceutical use

It is available under the trade names Asclera, Aethoxysklerol,[9] and Varithena.[10]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Polidocanol Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "DailyMed - ASCLERA- polidocanol injection, solution". dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  3. Gao Z, Zhang Y, Li W, Shi C (January 2018). "Effectiveness and safety of polidocanol for the treatment of hemangiomas and vascular malformations: A meta-analysis". Dermatologic Therapy. 31 (1). doi:10.1111/dth.12568. PMID 29082587.
  4. "Asclera Prices, Coupons & Patient Assistance Programs". Drugs.com. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  5. "ADDENDUM to the SCCP opinion on polidocanol (SCCP/1130/07)" (PDF). Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  6. Star P, Connor DE, Parsi K (April 2018). "Novel developments in foam sclerotherapy: Focus on Varithena® (polidocanol endovenous microfoam) in the management of varicose veins". Phlebology. 33 (3): 150–162. doi:10.1177/0268355516687864. PMID 28166694.
  7. Facts and Companies: Varicose Vein Treatment Approved
  8. "Asclera Full Prescribing Information in Drug Reference Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2010-04-11.
  9. Sclerotherapy, Laurence Z Rosenberg, MD, eMedicine.com
  10. "Varithena™ (polidocanol injectable foam) For Intravenous Use. Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Biocompatibles, Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2015.

External links

Identifiers: