Pleopeltis

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Pleopeltis
GreenPolypods.jpg
Pleopeltis polypodioides growing on a tree branch
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Suborder: Polypodiineae
Family: Polypodiaceae
Subfamily: Polypodioideae
Genus: Pleopeltis
Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms[1]
  • Ampelopteris Klotzsch
  • Cheilogramma Maxon
  • Chilogramme Blume
  • Cuspidaria Fée
  • Dicranoglossum J.Sm.
  • Eschatogramme Trevis.
  • Heteropteris Diels, nom. superfl.
  • Heteropteris Fée
  • Lepicystis (J.Sm.) J.Sm.
  • Marginaria Bory
  • Marginariopsis C.Chr.
  • Microphlebodium L.D.Gómez
  • Neurodium Fée
  • Paltomium C.Presl, nom. superfl.
  • × Pleopodium Schelpe & N.C.Anthony
  • Pseudocolysis L.D.Gómez

Pleopeltis is a genus of ferns in the family Polypodiaceae, subfamily Polypodioideae, according to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I).[2] The genus widely distributed in tropical regions of the world, and also north into temperate regions in eastern North America and eastern Asia.[3][4][5] Several species are known by the common name scaly polypody and resurrection fern.[6]

The genus is closely related to Polypodium. Many of the species have been or sometimes are still included in that genus. Further changes in the circumscription of the genus may occur as research continues.[4]

They are epiphytic, epipetric (growing on rocks), or rarely terrestrial ferns, with a creeping, densely hairy or scaly rhizome bearing fronds at intervals along its length. The fronds are evergreen, persisting for 1–2 years, and are entire or deeply pinnatifid. The sori or groups of spore-cases (sporangia) are borne on the back of the frond.[4]

Species

As of February 2020, Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World accepted the following species and hybrids:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (January 2020). "Pleopeltis". Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Version 8.20. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  2. ^ PPG I (2016). "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 54 (6): 563–603. doi:10.1111/jse.12229. S2CID 39980610.
  3. ^ Ferns of the World: Pleopeltis Archived 2008-10-17 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c Flora of North America: Pleopeltis
  5. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Pleopeltis
  6. ^ "Pleopeltis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 8 October 2015.