Percutaneous translaryngeal ventilation

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Percutaneous translaryngeal ventilation
Other names: Jet ventilation, needle cricothyrotomy, percutaneous transtracheal ventilation
Equipment required (14-gauge angiocatheter and transtracheal jet ventilator)
SpecialtyEmergency medicine

Percutaneous translaryngeal ventilation is the delivery of oxygen to the lungs through an over-the-needle catheter inserted through the skin into the trachea.[1] It may be delivered by high pressure gas source or bag valve mask.[2][3][4]

Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation may be mistaken for transtracheal jet ventilation, which is not considered conventional ventilation and refers to high-frequency ventilation; a low tidal volume ventilation and needs specialized ventilators only available in critical care units.


  1. Roberts and Hedges' clinical procedures in emergency medicine and acute care (Seventh ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences. 2019. p. 136. ISBN 9780323547949.
  2. Ihra G, Gockner G, Kashanipour A, Aloy A (2000). "High-frequency jet ventilation in European and North American institutions: developments and clinical practice". Eur J Anaesthesiol. 17 (7): 418–30. PMID 10964143. Archived from the original on 2021-08-28. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  3. Cook TM, Nolan JP, Magee PT, Cranshaw JH (2007). "Needle cricothyroidotomy". Anaesthesia. 62 (3): 289–90, author reply 290-1. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2007.05004_1.x. PMID 17300309.
  4. Mace SE, Khan N (2008). "Needle cricothyrotomy". Emerg Med Clin North Am. 26 (4): 1085–101, xi. doi:10.1016/j.emc.2008.09.004. PMID 19059102. Archived from the original on 2021-08-28. Retrieved 2022-03-14.