Patisiran

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Patisiran
Patisiran.png
Names
Trade namesOnpattro
Other namesALN-18328
Clinical data
Drug classSmall interfering RNA (siRNA)[1]
Main usesPolyneuropathy in hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis[1]
Side effectsUpper respiratory infection, shortness of breath, muscle spasms, joint pain, redness, dizziness[1]
Pregnancy
category
  • US: N (Not classified yet)
Routes of
use
Intravenous
Typical dose300 mcg/kg q 21 days[2]
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMPatisiran
Legal
License data
Legal status
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC412H520N148O290P40
Molar mass13424.388 g·mol−1

Patisiran, sold under the brand name Onpattro, is a medication used to treat polyneuropathy in people with hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis.[1] It is given by gradual injection into a vein.[2]

Common side effects include upper respiratory infection, shortness of breath, muscle spasms, joint pain, redness, and dizziness.[1] Other side effects may include vitamin A deficiency.[1] Safety in pregnancy is unclear; though evidence shows harm in other animals.[1] It is a small piece of RNA that blocks the production of abnormal transthyretin.[3]

Patisiran was approved for medical use in Europe and the United States in 2018.[3][1] In the United Kingdom a single vial of 10 mg costs the NHS about £7,700 as of 2021.[2] This amount in the United States costs about 10,000 USD.[4]

Medical uses

Dosage

It is given at a dose of 300 mcg/kg every 21 days.[2] The maximum dose is 30 mg.[2]

Mechanism of action

It is a gene silencing drug that interferes with the production of an abnormal form of transthyretin.[5] It utilizes a novel approach to target and reduce production of the TTR protein in the liver via the RNAi pathway.[6]

History

Patisiran was granted orphan drug status, fast track designation, priority review and breakthrough therapy designation due to its novel mechanism and the rarity of the condition it treats.[7][8] It was approved for medical use in the United States and in the European Union in August 2018.[9][10]

It is the first small interfering RNA-based drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the first drug approved by the FDA to treat this condition.[11] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers it to be a first-in-class medication.[12]

Society and culture

Economics

Patisiran was developed and is marketed by Alnylam.[13]

The per-patient cost is between US$451,430 and US$677,145 per year, depending on the number of vials needed.[14][15][16]

As of 2020, there were 1050 patients globally receiving the medication generating $65.5M in net-revenues for Alnylam Pharmaceuticals.[17][18]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Patisiran Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 BNF 81: March-September 2021. BMJ Group and the Pharmaceutical Press. 2021. p. 1109. ISBN 978-0857114105.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Onpattro". Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  4. "Onpattro Prices, Coupons & Patient Assistance Programs". Drugs.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  5. Kristen, Arnt V; Ajroud-Driss, Senda; Conceição, Isabel; Gorevic, Peter; Kyriakides, Theodoros; Obici, Laura (2018-11-27). "Patisiran, an RNAi therapeutic for the treatment of hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis". Neurodegenerative Disease Management. 9 (1): 5–23. doi:10.2217/nmt-2018-0033. ISSN 1758-2024. PMID 30480471.
  6. "Onpattro (patisiran)". www.centerwatch.com. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  7. "FDA approves first-of-its kind targeted RNA-based therapy to treat a rare disease" (Press release). U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 10 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  8. Brooks M (10 August 2018). "FDA OKs Patisiran (Onpattro) for Polyneuropathy in hAATR". Medscape. WebMD. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  9. "Drug Approval Package: Onpattro (patisiran)". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 7 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  10. "Onpattro EPAR". European Medicines Agency (EMA). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  11. Loftus P (10 August 2018). "New Kind of Drug, Silencing Genes, Gets FDA Approval". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  12. New Drug Therapy Approvals 2018 (PDF). U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Report). January 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  13. Reidy, Chris (October 22, 2012). "Alnylam, Genzyme Form Alliance". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  14. Information, National Center for Biotechnology; Pike, U. S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville; MD, Bethesda (2019-08-01). Executive Summary. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.
  15. Lipschultz B, Cortez M (10 August 2018). "Rare-Disease Treatment From Alnylam to Cost $450,000 a Year". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  16. "Onpattro Prices, Coupons & Patient Assistance Programs". Drugs.com. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  17. "Patisiran and Vutrisiran, in development for the Treatment of Transthyretin-Mediated Amyloidosis" (PDF). Alnylam Pharmaceuticals.
  18. "Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Financial Results and Highlights Recent Period Activity". www.businesswire.com. 2021-02-11. Retrieved 2021-06-23.

External links

External sites:
Identifiers: