Pasireotide

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Pasireotide
Pasireotide.svg
Names
Trade namesSignifor, Signifor LAR
Other namesSOM230
  • [(3S,6S,9S,12R,15S,18S,20R)-9-(4-aminobutyl)-3-benzyl-12-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-2,5,8,11,14,17-hexaoxo-15-phenyl-6-[(4-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methyl]-1,4,7,10,13,16-hexazabicyclo[16.3.0]henicosan-20-yl] N-(2-aminoethyl)carbamate
Clinical data
Drug classSomatostatin analog[1]
Main usesCushing's disease, acromegaly[1]
Side effectsHigh blood sugar, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, gallstones, injection site reactions, tiredness[2]
Pregnancy
category
  • AU: B3
  • US: N (Not classified yet)
Routes of
use
Subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMPasireotide
Legal
License data
Legal status
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
  • US: ℞-only
  • EU: Rx-only
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC58H66N10O9
Molar mass1047.227 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • C1[C@H](CN2[C@@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C2=O)CC3=CC=CC=C3)CC4=CC=C(C=C4)OCC5=CC=CC=C5)CCCCN)CC6=CNC7=CC=CC=C76)C8=CC=CC=C8)OC(=O)NCCN
  • InChI=1S/C58H66N10O9/c59-27-13-12-22-46-52(69)64-47(30-38-23-25-42(26-24-38)76-36-39-16-6-2-7-17-39)53(70)66-49(31-37-14-4-1-5-15-37)57(74)68-35-43(77-58(75)61-29-28-60)33-50(68)55(72)67-51(40-18-8-3-9-19-40)56(73)65-48(54(71)63-46)32-41-34-62-45-21-11-10-20-44(41)45/h1-11,14-21,23-26,34,43,46-51,62H,12-13,22,27-33,35-36,59-60H2,(H,61,75)(H,63,71)(H,64,69)(H,65,73)(H,66,70)(H,67,72)/t43-,46+,47+,48-,49+,50+,51+/m1/s1 ☒N
  • Key:VMZMNAABQBOLAK-DBILLSOUSA-N ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Pasireotide, sold under the brand name Signifor, is a medication used to treat Cushing's disease and acromegaly.[1] It is used in Cushing's disease when surgery is not effective, and in acromegaly when neither surgery nor another somatostatin is effective.[1] It is given by injection under the skin or into a muscle.[1]

Common side effects include high blood sugar, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, gallstones, injection site reactions, and tiredness.[2] Other side effects may include low cortisol, slow heart rate, and liver problems.[3] It is a somatostatin analog which blocks the release of growth hormone and cortisol.[2]

Pasireotide was approved in Europe and the United States in 2012.[2][3] In the United Kingdom it costs the NHS about £2,300 to £3,200 a month as of 2021.[1] In the United States this amount costs about 15,300 USD.[4]

Medical uses

It is used in people who fail or are ineligible for surgical therapy.[5][6][7] A long-acting formulation is used for acromegaly.[8] [2][9]

Dosage

For Cushing's it is used at a dose of 600 mcg injected under the skin twice per day; which may be increased to 900 mcg twice per day.[1] A long acting formulation into a muscle every 4 weeks at a dose of 10 to 40 mg may also be used.[1]

For acromegaly injections of 40 to 60 mg into a muscle every 4 weeks may be used.[1]

History

It is an orphan drug approved in the United States[10] and the European Union.[2][11]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 BNF 81: March-September 2021. BMJ Group and the Pharmaceutical Press. 2021. p. 995. ISBN 978-0857114105.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Signifor EPAR". European Medicines Agency (EMA). Retrieved 13 May 2020. Text was copied from this source which is © European Medicines Agency. Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pasireotide Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  4. "Signifor Prices, Coupons & Patient Assistance Programs". Drugs.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  5. "Pasireotide Orphan Drug Designation and Approval". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 24 December 1999. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  6. "EU/3/09/671". European Medicines Agency. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2020. Text was copied from this source which is © European Medicines Agency. Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
  7. Mancini T, Porcelli T, Giustina A (October 2010). "Treatment of Cushing disease: overview and recent findings". Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. 6: 505–16. doi:10.2147/TCRM.S12952. PMC 2963160. PMID 21063461.
  8. "Signifor LAR (pasireotide) for injectable suspension". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 1 March 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  9. Tucker ME (17 December 2014). "FDA Approves Pasireotide for Treating Acromegaly". Medscape. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  10. "Drug Approval Package: Signifor (pasireotide) Injection NDA #200677". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 24 December 1999. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  11. "Summary of Product Characteristics: Signifor" (PDF). European Medicines Agency.

External links

External sites:
Identifiers: