|Trade names||Depalgos, Endocet, Maxigesic, Percocet, Ratio-Oxycocet, Roxicet, others|
|Other names||Oxycodone/acetaminophen, oxycodone/APAP|
Oxycodone/paracetamol, also known as oxycodone/acetaminophen, and sold under the brand name Percocet among others, is a combination of the opioid oxycodone with paracetamol (acetaminophen), used to treat moderate to severe short-term pain. It comes in immediate and extended release formulations. It is taken by mouth.
Common side effects include nausea and dizziness. Other side effects may include addiction, sleepiness, itchiness, constipation, anaphylaxis, low blood pressure, and decreased breathing. Use during pregnancy may result in neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome in the baby.
The combination was approved for medical use in the United States in 1976. In the United States it is a schedule II controlled substance. It is available as a generic medication. In the United States 90 tablets costs about 22 USD as of 2020.
Society and culture
As of August 2014, Endo International produces =the following dosages. Percocet tablets are available in four combinations of oxycodone hydrochloride with 325 mg of paracetamol (acetaminophen), each having different appearances and usual maximum daily doses:
Due to the liver toxicity of paracetamol, the manufacturer and FDA dosage guidelines suggest no more than 4,000 mg total of paracetamol be taken per day, which would be 12 or fewer Percocet tablets per day as each one contains 325 mg.
|Oxycodone hydrochloride (mg)||Paracetamol (acetaminophen) (mg)||Tablet color||Tablet shape||Tablet number|
On June 30, 2009, an FDA advisory panel recommended that oxycodone/paracetamol, hydrocodone/paracetamol, and every other combination of acetaminophen with narcotic analgesics be limited in their sales because of their contributions to an alleged 400 acetaminophen-related deaths in the U.S. each year, that were attributed to acetaminophen overdose and associated liver damage.
In December 2009, the Canadian Medical Association Journal reported a study finding a fivefold increase in oxycodone-related deaths in Ontario (mostly accidental) between 1991 and 2007 that led to a doubling of all opioid-related deaths in Ontario over the same period.
<poem>As we have all seen, opioids are a prime contributor to our addiction and overdose crisis. In 2015, nearly two-thirds of drug overdoses were linked to opioids like Percocet, OxyContin, heroin, and fentanyl. [...] Americans consume more opioids than any other country in the world. In fact, in 2015, the amount of opioids prescribed in the U.S. was enough for every American to be medicated around the clock for three weeks.
Since 1999, the number of opioid overdoses in America have quadrupled according to the CDC. Not coincidentally, in that same period, the amount of prescription opioids in America have quadrupled as well. This massive increase in prescribing has occurred despite the fact that there has not been an overall change in the amount of pain Americans have reported in that time period. We have an enormous problem that is often not beginning on street corners; it is starting in doctor's offices and hospitals in every state in our nation. [...]
In 2016, specific states witnessed an escalating number of overdose deaths due to heroin and/or fentanyl(s), in some states vastly exceeding deaths due to prescription opioids.
In 2015, 27 million people reported current use of illegal drugs or abuse of prescription drugs. Despite this self-reporting, only 10 percent of the nearly 21 million citizens with a substance use disorder (SUD) receive any type of specialty treatment according to the most recent National Survey on Drug Use and Health. This is contributing greatly to the increase of deaths from overdose.</poem>
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