Nevus sebaceous

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Nevus sebaceus
Nevus sebaceous.jpg

Nevus sebaceus or sebaceous nevus (the first term is its Latin name, the second term is its name in English; also known as an "organoid nevus"[1]: 661  and "nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn"[2]: 773 ) is a congenital, hairless plaque that typically occurs on the face or scalp.[3] Such nevi are classified as epidermal nevi and can be present at birth, or early childhood, and affect males and females of all races equally.[4] The condition is named for an overgrowth of sebaceous glands, a relatively uncommon hamartoma, in the area of the nevus. NSJ is first described by Josef Jadassohn in 1895.[5]

Skin growths such as benign tumors and basal cell carcinoma can arise in sebaceous nevi, usually in adulthood. Rarely, sebaceous nevi can give rise to sebaceous carcinoma.[6] However, the rate of such malignancies is now known to be less than had been estimated. For this reason, excision is no longer automatically recommended.[7]

Condition on scalp and chin

See also

References

  1. James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
  2. Freedberg, et al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-138076-0.
  3. Kovich O, Hale E (2005). "Nevus sebaceus". Dermatology Online Journal. 11 (4): 16. PMID 16403388.
  4. Teng, Joyce M.C. Nevus sebaceous Archived 30 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority, last updated 16 November 2007.
  5. Kelati, Awatef; Baybay, Hanane; Gallouj, Salim; Mernissi, Fatima Zahra (2017). "Dermoscopic Analysis of Nevus Sebaceus of Jadassohn: A Study of 13 Cases". Skin Appendage Disorders. 3 (2): 83–91. doi:10.1159/000460258. ISSN 2296-9195. PMC 5436057. PMID 28560218.
  6. Izumi M, Tang X, Chiu CS, et al. (November 2008). "Ten cases of sebaceous carcinoma arising in nevus sebaceus". J. Dermatol. 35 (11): 704–11. doi:10.1111/j.1346-8138.2008.00550.x. PMID 19120764.
  7. Santibanez-Gallerani A, Marshall D, Duarte AM, Melnick SJ, Thaller S (September 2003). "Should nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn in children be excised? A study of 757 cases, and literature review". J. Craniofac. Surg. 14 (5): 658–60. doi:10.1097/00001665-200309000-00010. PMID 14501324.

External links

Classification


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