Multiple micronutrient powder

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Multiple micronutrient powder
Combination of
IronDietary mineral
ZincDietary mineral
Vitamin AVitamin
Clinical data
Defined daily dosenot established[1]

Multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is a combination of at least iron, zinc, and vitamin A.[2] It is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[3][4][5] The target age group is generally those 6 month to 5 years of age.[4] It is used by combining with food once a day for one or more months.[4][5]

While no side effects have been documented, abdominal discomfort may potentially occur.[4] Some versions of the product contain additional micronutrients such as vitamin C and folic acid.[3]

It was added in 2019, to the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system.[2] As of 2015, more than 24 million course of treatment were distributed via UNICEF.[3] The price is about US$0.60 per 30 doses as of 2016.[3]

Medical use

Multiple micronutrient powder is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[3][4][5] Its use has been found to decrease the risk of anemia.[5]


The defined daily dose is not established[6][1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "WHOCC - ATC/DDD Index". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/325771. WHO/MVP/EMP/IAU/2019.06. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Multiple Micronutrient Powder Supply & Market Outlook" (PDF). UNICEF. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Multiple Micronutrient Powder (MNP) 15 component" (PDF). UNICEF. 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. World Health Organization. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  6. "Search Results By Name – International Medical Products Price Guide". mshpriceguide. Retrieved 18 August 2020.

External links