Multiple micronutrient powder

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Multiple micronutrient powder
Combination of
IronDietary mineral
ZincDietary mineral
Vitamin AVitamin
Clinical data
Defined daily dosenot established[1]

Multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is a combination of at least iron, zinc, and vitamin A.[2] It is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[3][4][5] The target age group is generally those 6 month to 5 years of age.[4] It is used by combining with food once a day for one or more months.[4][5]

While no side effects have been documented, abdominal discomfort may potentially occur.[4] Some versions of the product contain additional micronutrients such as vitamin C and folic acid.[3]

It was added in 2019, to the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.[2] As of 2015, more than 24 million course of treatment were distributed via UNICEF.[3] The price is about US$0.60 per 30 doses as of 2016.[3]

Medical use

Multiple micronutrient powder is used to prevent malnutrition in children and during health emergencies.[3][4][5] Its use has been found to decrease the risk of anemia.[5]

Dosage

The defined daily dose is not established.[6][1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "WHOCC - ATC/DDD Index". www.whocc.no. Retrieved 10 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/325771. WHO/MVP/EMP/IAU/2019.06. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Multiple Micronutrient Powder Supply & Market Outlook" (PDF). UNICEF. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Multiple Micronutrient Powder (MNP) 15 component" (PDF). UNICEF. 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. World Health Organization. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Search Results By Name – International Medical Products Price Guide". mshpriceguide. Retrieved 18 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links