Monostotic fibrous dysplasia
|Monostotic fibrous dysplasia|
|Other names: Jaffe-Lichtenstein syndrome, monostotic osteitis fibrosa|
|Panoramic X-ray (2013) showing radioopaque area of the image with the appearance of ground glass in the right hemimandible. Recurrence of the lesion.|
Monostotic fibrous dysplasia is a form of fibrous dysplasia where only one bone is involved. It comprises a majority of the cases of fibrous dysplasia (approximately 70–80%).
It is a rare bone disease characterized by the replacement of normal elements of the bone by fibrous connective tissue, which can cause very painful swellings and bone deformities, and make bone abnormally fragile and prone to fracture.
A congenital, noninherited, benign anomaly of bone development in a single bone, it consists of the replacement of normal marrow and cancellous bone by immature bone with fibrous stroma. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia occurs with equal frequency in both sexes and normally develops early in life, with lesions frequently identified late in the first and early second decades. Most patients are asymptomatic, with the diagnosis often established after an incidental finding or with pain, swelling, or fracture. Lesions usually enlarge in proportion to skeletal growth and the abnormal replacement remain active only until skeletal maturity.
Monostotic fibrous dysplasia does not convert into the polyostotic type. When symptoms are present, they often are nonspecific, including pain, swelling, or pathologic fracture. It most often affects the ribs (28%), proximal femur (23%), tibia, craniofacial bones (10-25%) and humerus (10-25%).
- ↑ Tafti, Dawood; Cecava, Nathan D. (2021). "Fibrous Dysplasia". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Archived from the original on 2021-08-28. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- ↑ Alves, Raphael Vicente; Souza, Anderson Rodrigo; Silva, Alessandra dos Santos; Cardim, Vera Lúcia Nocchi; Godoy, Roberto (September 2009). "Co-existing fibrous dysplasia and meningothelial meningioma". Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 67 (3): 699–700. doi:10.1590/S0004-282X2009000400025. ISSN 1678-4227. Archived from the original on 2017-12-02. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- ↑ Pereira, J. C. O.; Filho, R. C. L.; Silva, F. B. C.; Ruela, K. P. (2009). "Fibrous Dysplasia of Maxillary Sinus". Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 13 (2): 214–217. Archived from the original on 2021-09-24. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- ↑ Singer, Frederick. "Fibrous Dysplasia". rarediseases.org. NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders). Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- ↑ DiCaprio, Matthew R.; Enneking, William F. (August 2005). "Fibrous dysplasia. Pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 87 (8): 1848–1864. ISSN 0021-9355. Archived from the original on 2021-09-24. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- ↑ A. Mark Davies; Murali Sundaram; Steven L. J. James, eds. (2009). Imaging of Bone Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions. Medical Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 412. ISBN 978-3-540-77982-7. Archived from the original on 2021-09-24. Retrieved 2020-11-29.
- ↑ Singh, Gagandeep. "Fibrous dysplasia | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org". Radiopaedia. Archived from the original on 2021-05-06. Retrieved 2021-06-26.