Mesoridazine

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Mesoridazine
Mesoridazine.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesSerentil
AHFS/Drugs.comMicromedex Detailed Consumer Information
MedlinePlusa682306
Routes of
administration
Oral, intravenous
Drug classTypical antipsychotic
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding4%
MetabolismHepatic/renal
Elimination half-life24 to 48 hours
ExcretionBiliary and renal
Identifiers
  • 10-[2-(1-methylpiperidin-2-yl)ethyl]-2-methylsulfinylphenothiazine
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC21H26N2OS2
Molar mass386.57 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
Melting point130 °C (266 °F)
Solubility in waterinsoluble mg/mL (20 °C)
  • O=S(c2cc1N(c3c(Sc1cc2)cccc3)CCC4N(C)CCCC4)C
  • InChI=1S/C21H26N2OS2/c1-22-13-6-5-7-16(22)12-14-23-18-8-3-4-9-20(18)25-21-11-10-17(26(2)24)15-19(21)23/h3-4,8-11,15-16H,5-7,12-14H2,1-2H3 checkY
  • Key:SLVMESMUVMCQIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  (verify)

Mesoridazine (Serentil) is a piperidine neuroleptic drug belonging to the class of drugs called phenothiazines, used in the treatment of schizophrenia.[1] It is a metabolite of thioridazine. The drug's name is derived from the methylsulfoxy and piperidine functional groups in its chemical structure.

It has central antiadrenergic, antidopaminergic, antiserotonergic and weak muscarinic anticholinergic effects.

Serious side effects include akathisia, tardive dyskinesia and the potentially fatal neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

Mesoridazine was withdrawn from the United States market in 2004 due to dangerous side effects, namely irregular heart beat and QT-prolongation of the electrocardiogram.[2]

It currently appears to be unavailable worldwide.

References

  1. ^ Gershon S, Sakalis G, Bowers PA (December 1981). "Mesoridazine -- a pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profile". The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 42 (12): 463–9. PMID 7031039.
  2. ^ American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (AHFS). "Mesoridazine". Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine.