McKusick–Kaufman syndrome

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McKusick–Kaufman syndrome
Autosomal recessive - en.svg
McKusick–Kaufman syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner

McKusick–Kaufman syndrome is a genetic condition associated with MKKS.

The condition is named for Dr. Robert L. Kaufman and Victor McKusick.[1] It is sometimes known by the abbreviation MKS.[2] In infancy it can be difficult to distinguish between MKS and the related Bardet–Biedl syndrome, as the more severe symptoms of the latter condition rarely materialise before adulthood.[3]

McKusick-Kaufman syndrome affects 1 in 10,000 people in the Old Order Amish population. Research has not identified cases outside of this population.[4]

Symptoms and signs

Postaxial polydactyly

Clinically, McKusick–Kaufman syndrome is characterized by a combination of three features: postaxial polydactyly, heart defects, and genital abnormalities:



Genetics

MKS is inherited in an autosomal recessive dominance pattern.[5] Both parents of the affected must be heterozygous carriers of the pathogenic variant. Heterozygous carriers for MKS show no symptoms of the disorder, nor can they develop the disorder. Each child of these carriers has a 1/4 chance of being affected by MKS, a 1/2 chance of being carriers themselves, and a 1/4 chance of being unaffected and a non carrier.

Diagnosis

Clinical findings support the diagnosis of MKS, including identification of biallelic pathogenetic variants. Diagnosis additionally requires ruling out Bardet-Biedl Syndrome.[6]

Treatment

Treatments are available for accompanying symptoms of MKS, including addressing polydactyly and congenital heart defects.[7]

See also

References

  1. McKusick-Kaufman syndrome at Who Named It?
  2. Abbreviation cited at Genetics Home Reference Archived 2020-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. Reference, Genetics Home. "McKusick-Kaufman syndrome". Genetics Home Reference. Archived from the original on 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  4. Reference, Genetics Home. "McKusick-Kaufman syndrome". Genetics Home Reference. Archived from the original on 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  5. Slavotinek AM, "McKusick-Kaufam Syndrome" Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, GeneReviews, 1993-2015
  6. Slavotinek, Anne M. (1993), Adam, Margaret P.; Ardinger, Holly H.; Pagon, Roberta A.; Wallace, Stephanie E. (eds.), "McKusick-Kaufman Syndrome", GeneReviews®, University of Washington, Seattle, PMID 20301675, archived from the original on 2017-01-18, retrieved 2018-11-07
  7. Slavotinek, Anne M. (1993), Adam, Margaret P.; Ardinger, Holly H.; Pagon, Roberta A.; Wallace, Stephanie E. (eds.), "McKusick-Kaufman Syndrome", GeneReviews®, University of Washington, Seattle, PMID 20301675, archived from the original on 2017-01-18, retrieved 2018-11-07

External links

Classification
External resources