Lutetium (177Lu) vipivotide tetraxetan
|Other names||177Lu-PSMA-617, Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan (USAN US)|
|Main uses||Prostate cancer|
|Side effects||Tiredness, dry mouth, nausea, low hemoglobin, decreased appetite, constipation|
|Chemical and physical data|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Lutetium (177Lu) vipivotide tetraxetan, sold under the brand name Pluvicto, is a radioactive medication used to treat metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) that is prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positive. It is given by injection into a vein.
Common side effects include tiredness, dry mouth, nausea, low hemoglobin, decreased appetite, and constipation. Other side effects may include radiation exposure, bone marrow suppression, infertility, and kidney problems. Use by males with pregnant partners may harm the baby. Vipivotide tetraxetan binds to PSMA-expressing tumor cells while the attached 177Lu destroys the cells by beta particle radiation.
Lutetium (177Lu) vipivotide tetraxetan was approved for medical use in the United States in 2022. In October 2022, Europe recommended its approval. In the United States it costs about 45,000 USD per dose as of 2022.
It is generally give at a dose of 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) every 6 weeks for up to a total of 6 doses plus BSoC or BSoC alone.
The medication was developed by German Cancer Research Center and University Hospital Heidelberg and licensed to the small German pharmaceutical company ABX for early clinical development. In 2017 the license was acquired by Endocyte and Endocyte itself was acquired by Novartis in 2018.
Efficacy was evaluated in VISION, a randomized (2:1), multicenter, open-label trial that evaluated lutetium (177Lu) vipivotide tetraxetan plus best standard of care (BSoC) (n=551) or BSoC alone (n=280) in men with progressive, prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-positive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). All participants received a GnRH analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy. Participants were required to have received at least one androgen receptor pathway inhibitor, and 1 or 2 prior taxane-based chemotherapy regimens.
Society and culture
On 13 October 2022, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) adopted a positive opinion, recommending the granting of a marketing authorization for the medicinal product Pluvicto, intended for the treatment of prostate cancer. The applicant for this medicinal product is Novartis Europharm Limited.
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- Taylor, Nick Paul (2018-10-18). "Novartis inks $2.1B Endocyte buyout, furthering radiotherapy push". Fierce Biotech. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 2022-04-13.
- Clinical trial number NCT03511664 for "Study of 177Lu-PSMA-617 In Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer (VISION)" at ClinicalTrials.gov.
- "Pluvicto: Pending EC decision". European Medicines Agency (EMA). 13 October 2022. Archived from the original on 14 October 2022. Retrieved 14 October 2022. Text was copied from this source which is copyright European Medicines Agency. Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.