Lodoxamide

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Lodoxamide
Lodoxamide structure.png
Names
  • N,N′-(2-Chloro-5-cyano-1,3-phenylene)dioxamic acid
Clinical data
Drug classMast cell stabilizer[1]
Main usesAllergic conjunctivitis[2]
Side effectsEye discomfort, dry eyes[1][2]
Typical dose1 to 2 drops QID[1]
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMLodoxamide
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC11H6ClN3O6
Molar mass311.63 g·mol−1

Lodoxamide, sold under the brand name Alomide among others, is a medication used to treat allergic conjunctivitis.[2] It is used as an eye drop.[1] It may be used in children over the age of 2 years.[1]

Common side effects may include eye discomfort and dry eyes.[1][2] Use in pregnancy appears to be safe but such use has not been well studied.[3] It is a mast cell stabilizer.[1]

Lodoxamide was approved for medical use in the United States in 1993.[1] In the United Kingdom a 10 ml bottle costs the NHS about £5 as of 2021.[2] In the United States this amount costs about 175 USD.[4]

Research

In 2014 lodoxamide and bufrolin were found to be potent agonists at the G protein-coupled receptor 35, an orphan receptor believed to play a role in inflammatory processes, pain and the development of stomach cancer.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Lodoxamide Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 BNF 81: March-September 2021. BMJ Group and the Pharmaceutical Press. 2021. p. 1206. ISBN 978-0857114105.
  3. "Lodoxamide ophthalmic (Alomide) Use During Pregnancy". Drugs.com. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  4. "Lodoxamide Prices, Coupons & Savings Tips - GoodRx". GoodRx. Retrieved 24 November 2021.
  5. MacKenzie, AE; Caltabiano, G; Kent, TC; Jenkins, L; McCallum, JE; Hudson, BD; Nicklin, SA; Fawcett, L; Markwick, R; Charlton, SJ; Milligan, G (2014). "The antiallergic mast cell stabilizers lodoxamide and bufrolin as the first high and equipotent agonists of human and rat GPR35". Molecular Pharmacology. 85 (1): 91–104. doi:10.1124/mol.113.089482. ISSN 0026-895X. PMC 3868900. PMID 24113750.

External links

Identifiers: