Jugular foramen syndrome

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Jugular foramen syndrome
Human brain(normal) inferior view showing cranial nerves

Jugular foramen syndrome, or Vernet's syndrome, is characterized by paresis of the glossopharyngeal, vagal, and accessory (with or without the hypoglossal) nerves.[1][2]

Symptoms and signs

a,b) Clinical images of left uvula and vocal cord in laryngoscopic view.

Symptoms of this syndrome are consequences of this paresis. As such, an affected patient may show:[citation needed]



  • Gadolinium enhanced mri for vestibular schwannoma
  • mri and biopsy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • based on nerve palsies
  • NCCT for occipital bone fracture


The management for Jugular foramen syndrome is based on the following:[3]


  1. Erol FS, Kaplan M, Kavakli A, Ozveren MF.Jugular foramen syndrome caused by choleastatoma. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2005 Jun;107(4):342-6.
  2. Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo, ed. (2012). Schmidek and Sweet Indications, Methods and Results (Expert Consult - Online and Print) (6th ed.). London: Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 2337. ISBN 9781455723287.
  3. M Das, Joe; Al Khalili, Yasir (2022). "Jugular Foramen Syndrome". StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.