Intestinal capillariasis

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Intestinal capillariasis
CapillariaPhilippEgg.jpg
Capillaria philippinensis egg
SpecialtyInfectious disease

Intestinal capillariasis is a disease in the group of helminthiasis diseases caused by the nematode Capillaria philippinensis.

Symptoms and signs

Symptoms in infested humans include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, edema, weight loss, borborygmus (stomach growling), and depressed levels of potassium and albumin in the blood. In humans, the parasites damage the cells of the intestinal wall. This damage interferes with the absorption of nutrients and the maintenance of a proper electrolyte balance. Untreated C. philippinensis infestations are often fatal.[citation needed]

Diagnosis

Intestinal capillariasis diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy.

Diagnosis usually involves finding the eggs and/or adults of C. philippinensis in stool samples.[citation needed]

Prevention

Prevention is as simple as avoiding eating small, whole, uncooked fish. However, in C. philippinensis endemic areas, such dietary habits are common and have been practiced for many generations.

Treatment

Anthelmintics such as mebendazole and albendazole have been reported to eliminate infestation of humans more effectively than thiabendazole.[1]

References

  1. Hwang, K.P., T.E. Wang, T.C. Liou, S.C. Lin, C.R. Kao, T.Y. Wang and K.K. Pang (2004) "Clinical features of human intestinal capillariasis in Taiwan Archived 2009-02-06 at the Wayback Machine." World Journal of Gastroenterology 10(16):2391-2393.

External links

Classification