Hutchinson triad

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Hutchinson triad
14-year old with notched incisors, interstitial keratitis, and 8th cranial nerve deafness
Differential diagnosisCongenital syphilis

Hutchinson triad is a triad of signs that may be seen in late congenital syphilis; interstitial keratitis, malformed teeth (Hutchinson incisors and mulberry molars), and eighth nerve deafness.[1][2]

It is named for Sir Jonathan Hutchinson.[3]


  1. Medoro, Alexandra K.; Sánchez, Pablo J. (June 2021). "Syphilis in Neonates and Infants". Clinics in Perinatology. 48 (2): 293–309. doi:10.1016/j.clp.2021.03.005. ISSN 1557-9840. PMID 34030815. Archived from the original on 2022-07-20. Retrieved 2023-05-10.
  2. Messias, Amanda Dias; Maria, Lorrayne Cesario; De Barros, Liliana Aparecida Pimenta; Velloso, Tânia Regina Grão; Camisasca, Danielle Resende (1 September 2022). "Role of the dentist in congenital syphilis early diagnosis". Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology. 134 (3): e242. doi:10.1016/j.oooo.2022.01.782. ISSN 2212-4403.
  3. Nissanka-Jayasuriya, EH; Odell, EW; Phillips, C (September 2016). "Dental Stigmata of Congenital Syphilis: A Historic Review With Present Day Relevance". Head and neck pathology. 10 (3): 327–31. doi:10.1007/s12105-016-0703-z. PMID 26897633. Archived from the original on 2023-02-10. Retrieved 2023-05-13.