Hamate fracture

From WikiProjectMed
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hamate fracture
Hook-of-hamate-fracture-5.jpg
Fracture through the hook of the hamate
SpecialtyHand surgery
SymptomsPain front of wrist in line with little finger[1]
ComplicationsInjury to the ulnar nerve or artery[1]
TypesHook, body[1]
CausesInjury during racket sports, baseball, or golf; fall onto the hand[1][2]
Diagnostic methodX-rays, CT scan[1]
TreatmentCasting, surgery[1]
Frequency2% to 5% of wrist fractures[1]

Hamate fracture is a break of the hamate bone in the wrist. Symptoms include pain in the front of the wrist in line with the little finger.[1] It is made worse by gripping an object.[1] Complications may include injury to the ulnar nerve and clotting of the ulnar artery.[1]

The cause is typically injury during racket sports, baseball, or golf or a fall onto the hand.[1][2] Types include hook (most common) and body (proximal pole, medial tuberosity, sagittal oblique, and dorsal coronal).[1] Diagnosis is typically by X-rays, but may require special views such as a carpal tunnel or supinated oblique view; or a CT scan.[1]

Treatment when the bones of well aligned is generally orthopedic casting for 4 to 6 weeks; though there is a high risk of it not healing.[1] Otherwise surgery is indicated.[1] For hook fractures surgery generally involves removal of the hook.[1] Hamate fractures represent about 2% to 5% of breaks of bones within the wrist.[1][2]

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 Suh, Nina; Ek, Eugene T.; Wolfe, Scott W. (April 2014). "Carpal Fractures". The Journal of Hand Surgery. 39 (4): 785–791. doi:10.1016/j.jhsa.2013.10.030.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Walls, Ron; Hockberger, Robert; Gausche-Hill, Marianne (9 March 2017). Rosen's Emergency Medicine - Concepts and Clinical Practice E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 516. ISBN 978-0-323-39016-3. Archived from the original on 27 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.

External links