Grey Turner's sign

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Grey Turner's sign
Grey Turner's sign
CausesAcute pancreatitis, ectopic pregnancy

Grey Turner's sign refers to bruising of the flanks, the part of the body between the last rib and the top of the hip. The bruising appears as a blue discoloration,[1] and is a sign of retroperitoneal hemorrhage, or bleeding behind the peritoneum, which is a lining of the abdominal cavity. Grey Turner's sign takes 24–48 hours to develop, and can predict a severe attack of acute pancreatitis.[2]

Grey Turner's sign may be accompanied by Cullen's sign. Both signs may be indicative of pancreatic necrosis with retroperitoneal or intra-abdominal bleeding.

It is named after British surgeon George Grey Turner.[3]


Causes include


It is named after British surgeon George Grey Turner.[3][4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Goldman, Lee (2012). Goldman's Cecil Medicine (24th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. p. 837. ISBN 978-1437727883.
  2. Bosmann M, Schreiner O, Galle PR (April 2009). "Coexistence of Cullen's and Grey Turner's signs in acute pancreatitis". Am. J. Med. 122 (4): 333–4. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2008.08.032. PMID 19332225.
  3. 3.0 3.1 synd/3347 at Who Named It?
  4. Turner, G. Grey (1919). "Local discoloration of the abdominal wall as a sign of acute pancreatitis". British Journal of Surgery. 7 (27): 394–395. doi:10.1002/bjs.1800072711. S2CID 72710780. Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2021-11-10.

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