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Rubella (German measles) enanthema
Differential diagnosissmallpox

Enanthem or enanthema is a rash (small spots) on the mucous membranes.[1] It is characteristic of patients with viral infections[2] causing hand foot and mouth disease, measles, and sometimes chicken pox, or COVID-19.[3] In addition, bacterial infections such as scarlet fever may also be a cause of enanthema. The aforementioned diseases usually present with exanthema and enanthema.

Enanthema can also indicate hypersensitivity.[4]

See also


  1. "enanthema" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. Drago F, Rampini E, Rebora A (August 2002). "Atypical exanthems: morphology and laboratory investigations may lead to an aetiological diagnosis in about 70% of cases". Br. J. Dermatol. 147 (2): 255–60. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2133.2002.04826.x. PMID 12174095.
  3. "Chris Smith (18 July 2020) Doctors discovered a new coronavirus symptom that patients didn't even know they had". Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  4. Lanzafame M, Trevenzoli M, Lattuada E, Faggian F, Vento S, Concia E (March 2003). "Enanthema as the first clinical manifestation of abacavir hypersensitivity reaction: a case report". Infez Med. 11 (1): 40–1. PMID 12719670.

External links