|Other names||EBS-101; PSYRX-101; SCH-39166|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||313.83 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Ecopipam (development codes SCH-39166, EBS-101, and PSYRX-101) is an experimental drug that acts as a selective dopamine D1/D5 receptor antagonist, with little affinity for either dopamine D2-like or 5-HT2 receptors.
Based on its profile in animal models, ecopipam was first studied as a treatment for schizophrenia but showed no efficacy. Side effects including sedation, restlessness, vomiting, and anxiety were generally rated mild. There were no reports of Parkinsonian-like extrapyramidal symptoms typically seen with D2 antagonists.
Researchers have postulated that dopamine via D1 receptors in the mesolimbic system is involved with rewarded behaviors and pleasure. One such behavior is eating, and ecopipam has been shown in a large clinical study to be an effective treatment for obesity. However, reports of mild-to-moderate, reversible anxiety and depression made it unsuitable for commercialization as an anti-obesity drug, and its development was stopped for that indication.
As of 2021, Emalex Bioscineces is investigating its potential use for central nervous system disorders. Open-label studies have found ecopipam to reduce gambling behaviors in subjects with pathological gambling and to decrease the motor and vocal tics in adults with Tourette syndrome. A subsequent double-blind placebo-controlled study in pediatric subjects confirmed ecopipam's ability to ameliorate the motor and vocal symptoms seen in patients with Tourette's syndrome. Ecopipam is currently in a phase 2/3 clinical trial for the treatment of Tourette's syndrome in children ages 7 to 17.
Ecopipam is an investigational first-in-class drug being evaluated for the treatment of childhood-onset fluency disorder (stuttering) in adults. It is under development for the treatment of stuttering (phase 2).
There are currently no U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved medications for the treatment of stuttering. 
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- "Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel-Group, Phase 2b Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Ecopipam in Children and Adolescents With Tourette's Syndrome". March 8, 2021 – via clinicaltrials.gov. Cite journal requires
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- "First Patient Dosed in Emalex Biosciences Phase 2 Clinical Trial for Stuttering - Emalex Biosciences".
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