Dornase alfa

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Dornase alfa
CFpulmozyme.jpg
Names
Trade namesPulmozyme
Clinical data
Pregnancy
category
  • US: B (No risk in non-human studies)
Routes of
use
Inhalation
External links
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
US NLMDornase alfa
MedlinePlusa694002
Legal
Legal status
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC1321H1999N339O396S9
Molar mass29253.9 g·mol−1
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Dornase alfa, sold under the brand name Pulmozyme, is a medication used to treat cystic fibrosis.[1] It is used to decrease the thickness of mucus and thus make it easier to cough out.[1] It is used by breathing it in.[1]

Common side effects include change in voice, rash, throat inflammation, chest pain, runny nose, fever, and shortness of breath.[2] While there is no evidence of harm in pregnancy, such use has not been well studied.[3] It is a recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I (rhDNase), an enzyme which breaks up DNA outside the cell.[4]

Dornase alfa was approved for medical use in the United States in 1993.[1] In the United Kingdom a month of medication costs the NHS about £500 as of 2021.[4] In the United States this amount costs about 3,400 USD.[5]

Medical uses

Cystic fibrosis

Dornase alfa is used for cystic fibrosis.

It is an orphan drug.[6]

Dosage

It is generally used at a dose of 2.5 mg once per day; though some may use twice per day.[2]

Contraindications

  • Hypersensitivity to dornase alfa
  • Hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products

Society and culture

Economy

Dornase alpha 1000 units (1 mg/ml)2.5ml (2500units) = £18.52 (GBP)

Manufacture

This protein therapeutic agent is produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Research

Dornase alfa may improve lung function in non-cystic fibrosis pre-term infants atelectasis where other therapies have failed.[7][8]

In studies conducted, Dornase alfa has been thought to help resolve mucus secretion in CoViD-19 patients as well as in the treatment of cystic fibrosis, but since it is taken with nebulizer in general use and there is a possibility of aerosolization of the virus, it is not preferred in most medical centers to avoid secondary infections.[9]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Dornase Alfa Monograph for Professionals". Drugs.com. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "DailyMed - PULMOZYME- dornase alfa solution". dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  3. "Dornase alfa (Pulmozyme) Use During Pregnancy". Drugs.com. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 BNF 81: March-September 2021. BMJ Group and the Pharmaceutical Press. 2021. p. 309. ISBN 978-0857114105.
  5. "Dornase Alfa Prices, Coupons & Savings Tips - GoodRx". GoodRx. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  6. Collier, Joe (1 September 1995). "Dornase-alfa and orphan drugs". The Lancet. 346 (8975): 633. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(95)91460-9. PMID 7651014. S2CID 5456247.
  7. Erdeve O, Uras N, Atasay B, Arsan S (2007). "Efficacy and safety of nebulized recombinant human DNase as rescue treatment for persistent atelectasis in newborns: case-series". Croat Med J. 48 (2): 234–9. PMC 2080511. PMID 17436388.
  8. Hendriks T, de Hoog M, Lequin MH, Devos AS, Merkus PJ (2005). "DNase and atelectasis in non-cystic fibrosis pediatric patients". Crit Care. 9 (4): R351-6. doi:10.1186/cc3544. PMC 1269442. PMID 16137347.
  9. Barnes, Betsy J.; Adrover, Jose M.; Baxter-Stoltzfus, Amelia; Borczuk, Alain; Cools-Lartigue, Jonathan; Crawford, James M.; Daßler-Plenker, Juliane; Guerci, Philippe; Huynh, Caroline; Knight, Jason S.; Loda, Massimo (2020-06-01). "Targeting potential drivers of COVID-19: Neutrophil extracellular traps". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 217 (6). doi:10.1084/jem.20200652. ISSN 0022-1007. PMC 7161085. PMID 32302401.

External links

Identifiers: