Diaphragmatic hernia

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Diaphragmatic hernia
Chronic diaphragmatic hernia- Intraoperative image shows the diaphragmatic hernia after reduction of stomach.

Diaphragmatic hernia is a defect or hole in the diaphragm that allows the abdominal contents to move into the chest cavity. Treatment is usually surgical.


Signs and symptoms

A scaphoid abdomen (sucked inwards) may be the presenting symptom in a newborn.[1]


A right sided diaphragmatic hernia with the stomach in the chest (left side of image marked by the arrow). Note the air fluid level in the stomach.

Diagnosis can be made by either CT or X-ray.[citation needed]


Treatment for a diaphragmatic hernia usually involves surgery, with acute injuries often repaired with monofilament permanent sutures.[2]

Other animals

This is a photo of a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a cat. The photo was taken during necropsy from the right side of the cat. To the left is the abdomen, where part of the liver and the gall bladder can be seen. The diaphragm is in the middle. To the right is the thorax.

Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a type of hernia more common in other mammals.[3] This is usually treated with surgery.[3]


  1. Durward, Heather; Baston, Helen (2001). Examination of the newborn: a practical guide. New York: Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 0-415-19184-X.
  2. Turhan, Kutsal; Makay, Ozer; Cakan, Alpaslan; Samancilar, Ozgur; Firat, Ozgur; Icoz, Gokhan; Cagirici, Ufuk (June 2008). "Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture". European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. 33 (6): 1082–1085. doi:10.1016/j.ejcts.2008.01.029. ISSN 1010-7940. PMID 18299201.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bonagura, John D. (2006-01-01), Birchard, Stephen J.; Sherding, Robert G. (eds.), "Chapter 151 - Pericardial Diseases", Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice (Third Edition), Saint Louis: W.B. Saunders, pp. 1549–1560, ISBN 978-0-7216-0422-0, archived from the original on 2021-01-11, retrieved 2021-01-05


External links

External resources