Conjunctival melanoma

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Conjunctival melanoma
Conjunctival melanoma
SymptomsSmall or larger, dark brown colorless bump in eye[1]
ComplicationsSpread to lungs, liver, brain, and bone[2]

Conjunctival melanoma is a cancer in the lining of the inside of the eyelid or over the white of the eye.[1] It may be a small or larger bump, which arises suddenly or more frequently within a pre-existing spot.[1] It may be dark brown or have no color at all.[1] Characteristically, blood vessels are seen feeding into the cancer.[1]

It can spread to the lungs and less frequently the liver, brain, and bone.[2]

It is rare.[2]

Signs and symptoms

Photomicrograph showing diffuse conjunctival melanoma encroaching on the cornea OS. Melanoma arising from primary acquired melanosis with atypia is shown


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 DE, Elder; D, Massi; RA, Scolyer; R, Willemze (2018). "2. Melanocytic tumours: Conjunctival melanoma". WHO Classification of Skin Tumours. Vol. 11 (4th ed.). Lyon (France): World Health Organization. pp. 139–140. ISBN 978-92-832-2440-2. Archived from the original on 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Conjunctival Melanoma: Overview, Etiology, Epidemiology". 9 March 2022. Archived from the original on 8 March 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.