Climbazole

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Climbazole
Climbazole.svg
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
topical
ATC code
  • none
Identifiers
  • (RS)-1-(4-Chlorophenoxy)-1-imidazol-1-yl-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-one[1]
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.048.870 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC15H17ClN2O2
Molar mass292.76 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
ChiralityRacemic mixture
  • CC(C)(C)C(=O)C(n1ccnc1)Oc2ccc(cc2)Cl
  • InChI=1S/C15H17ClN2O2/c1-15(2,3)13(19)14(18-9-8-17-10-18)20-12-6-4-11(16)5-7-12/h4-10,14H,1-3H3 ☒N
  • Key:OWEGWHBOCFMBLP-UHFFFAOYSA-N ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Climbazole is a topical antifungal agent commonly used in the treatment of human fungal skin infections such as dandruff[2] and eczema. Climbazole has shown a high in vitro and in vivo efficacy against Malassezia spp. that appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of dandruff.[2] Its chemical structure and properties are similar to other fungicides such as ketoconazole and miconazole.

Indications and formulations

It is most commonly found as an active ingredient in OTC anti-dandruff and anti-fungal products, including shampoos, lotions and conditioners. It may be accompanied by other active ingredients such as zinc pyrithione or triclosan.

Side effects

May cause localized irritation of the skin with symptoms including redness, rashes and itching.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Chemical Properties of Climbazole Archived 2007-11-13 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Wigger-Alberti W, Kluge K, Elsner P (August 2001). "[Clinical effectiveness and tolerance of climbazole containing dandruff shampoo in patients with seborrheic scalp eczema]". Praxis. 90 (33): 1346–9. PMID 11534318.